Disorder induced transitions in resonantly driven Floquet Topological Insulators

TitleDisorder induced transitions in resonantly driven Floquet Topological Insulators
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsTitum, P, Lindner, NH, Refael, G
JournalPhysical Review B
Date Published2017/08/16

We investigate the effects of disorder in Floquet topological insulators (FTIs) occurring in semiconductor quantum wells. Such FTIs are induced by resonantly driving a transition between the valence and conduction band. We show that when disorder is added, the topological nature of such FTIs persists as long as there is a mobility gap at the resonant quasi-energy. For strong enough disorder, this gap closes and all the states become localized as the system undergoes a transition to a trivial insulator. Interestingly, the effects of disorder are not necessarily adverse: we show that in the same quantum well, disorder can also induce a transition from a trivial to a topological system, thereby establishing a Floquet Topological Anderson Insulator (FTAI). We identify the conditions on the driving field necessary for observing such a transition.