Title | Phase-space mixing in dynamically unstable, integrable few-mode quantum systems |

Publication Type | Journal Article |

Year of Publication | 2017 |

Authors | Mathew, R, Tiesinga, E |

Journal | Physical Review A |

Volume | 96 |

Issue | 1 |

Pages | 013604 |

Date Published | 2017/07/05 |

Abstract | Quenches in isolated quantum systems are currently a subject of intense study. Here, we consider quantum few-mode systems that are integrable in their classical mean-field limit and become dynamically unstable after a quench of a system parameter. Specifically, we study a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) in a double-well potential and an antiferromagnetic spinor BEC constrained to a single spatial mode. We study the time dynamics after the quench within the truncated Wigner approximation (TWA) and find that system relaxes to a steady state due to phase-space mixing. Using the action-angle formalism and a pendulum as an illustration, we derive general analytical expressions for the time evolution of expectation values of observables and their long-time limits. We find that the deviation of the long-time expectation value from its classical value scales as 1/O(ln N), where N is the number of atoms in the condensate. Furthermore, the relaxation of an observable to its steady state value is a damped oscillation and the damping is Gaussian in time. We confirm our results with numerical TWA simulations. |

URL | https://arxiv.org/abs/1705.01702 |

DOI | 10.1103/PhysRevA.96.013604 |