Scalable quantum computation in systems with Bose-Hubbard dynamics

TitleScalable quantum computation in systems with Bose-Hubbard dynamics
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsPupillo, G, Rey, AMaria, Brennen, G, Williams, CJ, Clark, CW
JournalJournal of Modern Optics
Pages2395 - 2404
Date Published2004/02/15

Several proposals for quantum computation utilize a lattice type architecture
with qubits trapped by a periodic potential. For systems undergoing many body
interactions described by the Bose-Hubbard Hamiltonian, the ground state of the
system carries number fluctuations that scale with the number of qubits. This
process degrades the initialization of the quantum computer register and can
introduce errors during error correction. In an earlier manuscript we proposed
a solution to this problem tailored to the loading of cold atoms into an
optical lattice via the Mott Insulator phase transition. It was shown that by
adding an inhomogeneity to the lattice and performing a continuous measurement,
the unit filled state suitable for a quantum computer register can be
maintained. Here, we give a more rigorous derivation of the register fidelity
in homogeneous and inhomogeneous lattices and provide evidence that the
protocol is effective in the finite temperature regime.

Short TitleJournal of Modern Optics