Relaxation of non-integrable systems and correlation functions

TitleRelaxation of non-integrable systems and correlation functions
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsRiddell, J, García-Pintos, LPedro, Alhambra, ÁM
Date Published12/17/2021
KeywordsFOS: Physical sciences, Quantum Physics (quant-ph), Statistical Mechanics (cond-mat.stat-mech), Strongly Correlated Electrons (cond-mat.str-el)

We investigate early-time equilibration rates of observables in closed many-body quantum systems and compare them to those of two correlation functions, first introduced by Kubo and Srednicki. We explore whether these different rates coincide at a universal value that sets the timescales of processes at a finite energy density. We find evidence for this coincidence when the initial conditions are sufficiently generic, or typical. We quantify this with the effective dimension of the state and with a state-observable effective dimension, which estimate the number of energy levels that participate in the dynamics. Our findings are confirmed by proving that these different timescales coincide for dynamics generated by Haar-random Hamiltonians. This also allows to quantitatively understand the scope of previous theoretical results on equilibration timescales and on random matrix formalisms. We approach this problem with exact, full spectrum diagonalization. The numerics are carried out in a non-integrable Heisenberg-like Hamiltonian, and the dynamics are investigated for several pairs of observables and states.