Title | Quantum field theory for the chiral clock transition in one spatial dimension |

Publication Type | Journal Article |

Year of Publication | 2018 |

Authors | Whitsitt, S, Samajdar, R, Sachdev, S |

Journal | Phys. Rev. |

Volume | B |

Issue | 98 |

Pages | 205118 |

Date Published | 2018/11/09 |

Abstract | We describe the quantum phase transition in the N-state chiral clock model in spatial dimension d=1. With couplings chosen to preserve time-reversal and spatial inversion symmetries, such a model is in the universality class of recent experimental studies of the ordering of pumped Rydberg states in a one-dimensional chain of trapped ultracold alkali atoms. For such couplings and N=3, the clock model is expected to have a direct phase transition from a gapped phase with a broken global ZN symmetry, to a gapped phase with the ZN symmetry restored. The transition has dynamical critical exponent z≠1, and so cannot be described by a relativistic quantum field theory. We use a lattice duality transformation to map the transition onto that of a Bose gas in d=1, involving the onset of a single boson condensate in the background of a higher-dimensional N-boson condensate. We present a renormalization group analysis of the strongly coupled field theory for the Bose gas transition in an expansion in 2−d, with 4−N chosen to be of order 2−d. At two-loop order, we find a regime of parameters with a renormalization group fixed point which can describe a direct phase transition. We also present numerical density-matrix renormalization group studies of lattice chiral clock and Bose gas models for N=3, finding good evidence for a direct phase transition, and obtain estimates for z and the correlation length exponent ν. |

URL | https://arxiv.org/abs/1808.07056 |

DOI | 10.1103/PhysRevB.98.205118 |