Localization and criticality in antiblockaded 2D Rydberg atom arrays

TitleLocalization and criticality in antiblockaded 2D Rydberg atom arrays
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsLiu, F, Yang, Z-C, Bienias, P, Iadecola, T, Gorshkov, AV
Date Published12/7/2020

Controllable Rydberg atom arrays have provided new insights into fundamental properties of quantum matter both in and out of equilibrium. In this work, we study the effect of experimentally relevant positional disorder on Rydberg atoms trapped in a 2D square lattice under anti-blockade (facilitation) conditions. We show that the facilitation conditions lead the connectivity graph of a particular subspace of the full Hilbert space to form a 2D Lieb lattice, which features a singular flat band. Remarkably, we find three distinct regimes as the disorder strength is varied: a critical regime, a delocalized but nonergodic regime, and a regime with a disorder-induced flat band. The critical regime's existence depends crucially upon the singular flat band in our model, and is absent in any 1D array or ladder system. We propose to use quench dynamics to probe the three different regimes experimentally.