From Ground States to Local Hamiltonians

TitleFrom Ground States to Local Hamiltonians
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsChen, J, Ji, Z, Zeng, B, Zhou, DL
JournalPhysical Review A
Date Published2012/8/30

Traditional quantum physics solves ground states for a given Hamiltonian,
while quantum information science asks for the existence and construction of
certain Hamiltonians for given ground states. In practical situations, one
would be mainly interested in local Hamiltonians with certain interaction
patterns, such as nearest neighbour interactions on some type of lattices. A
necessary condition for a space $V$ to be the ground-state space of some local
Hamiltonian with a given interaction pattern, is that the maximally mixed state
supported on $V$ is uniquely determined by its reduced density matrices
associated with the given pattern, based on the principle of maximum entropy.
However, it is unclear whether this condition is in general also sufficient. We
examine the situations for the existence of such a local Hamiltonian to have
$V$ satisfying the necessary condition mentioned above as its ground-state
space, by linking to faces of the convex body of the local reduced states. We
further discuss some methods for constructing the corresponding local
Hamiltonians with given interaction patterns, mainly from physical points of
view, including constructions related to perturbation methods, local
frustration-free Hamiltonians, as well as thermodynamical ensembles.

Short TitlePhys. Rev. A