Exactly soluble model of boundary degeneracy

TitleExactly soluble model of boundary degeneracy
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsGaneshan, S, Gorshkov, AV, Gurarie, V, Galitski, VM
JournalPhysical Review B
Start Page045309
Date Published2017/01/25

We investigate the topological degeneracy that can be realized in Abelian fractional quantum spin Hall states with multiply connected gapped boundaries. Such a topological degeneracy (also dubbed as "boundary degeneracy") does not require superconducting proximity effect and can be created by simply applying a depletion gate to the quantum spin Hall material and using a generic spin-mixing term (e.g., due to backscattering) to gap out the edge modes. We construct an exactly soluble microscopic model manifesting this topological degeneracy and solve it using the recently developed technique [S. Ganeshan and M. Levin, Phys. Rev. B 93, 075118 (2016)]. The corresponding string operators spanning this degeneracy are explicitly calculated. It is argued that the proposed scheme is experimentally reasonable.