Entanglement can completely defeat quantum noise

TitleEntanglement can completely defeat quantum noise
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsChen, J, Cubitt, TS, Harrow, AW, Smith, G
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Date Published2011/12/15

We describe two quantum channels that individually cannot send any
information, even classical, without some chance of decoding error. But
together a single use of each channel can send quantum information perfectly
reliably. This proves that the zero-error classical capacity exhibits
superactivation, the extreme form of the superadditivity phenomenon in which
entangled inputs allow communication over zero capacity channels. But our
result is stronger still, as it even allows zero-error quantum communication
when the two channels are combined. Thus our result shows a new remarkable way
in which entanglement across two systems can be used to resist noise, in this
case perfectly. We also show a new form of superactivation by entanglement
shared between sender and receiver.

Short TitlePhys. Rev. Lett.