Digital quantum simulation of NMR experiments

TitleDigital quantum simulation of NMR experiments
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2023
AuthorsSeetharam, K, Biswas, D, Noel, C, Risinger, A, Zhu, D, Katz, O, Chattopadhyay, S, Cetina, M, Monroe, C, Demler, E, Sels, D
JournalScience Advances
Date Published11/29/2023

Simulations of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiments can be an important tool for extracting information about molecular structure and optimizing experimental protocols but are often intractable on classical computers for large molecules such as proteins and for protocols such as zero-field NMR. We demonstrate the first quantum simulation of an NMR spectrum, computing the zero-field spectrum of the methyl group of acetonitrile using four qubits of a trapped-ion quantum computer. We reduce the sampling cost of the quantum simulation by an order of magnitude using compressed sensing techniques. We show how the intrinsic decoherence of NMR systems may enable the zero-field simulation of classically hard molecules on relatively near-term quantum hardware and discuss how the experimentally demonstrated quantum algorithm can be used to efficiently simulate scientifically and technologically relevant solid-state NMR experiments on more mature devices. Our work opens a practical application for quantum computation.