%0 Journal Article
%J Physical Review B
%D 2008
%T Multilevel effects in the Rabi oscillations of a Josephson phase qubit
%A S. K. Dutta
%A Frederick W. Strauch
%A R. M. Lewis
%A Kaushik Mitra
%A Hanhee Paik
%A T. A. Palomaki
%A Eite Tiesinga
%A J. R. Anderson
%A Alex J. Dragt
%A C. J. Lobb
%A F. C. Wellstood
%X We present Rabi oscillation measurements of a Nb/AlOx/Nb dc superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) phase qubit with a 100 um^2 area junction acquired over a range of microwave drive power and frequency detuning. Given the slightly anharmonic level structure of the device, several excited states play an important role in the qubit dynamics, particularly at high power. To investigate the effects of these levels, multiphoton Rabi oscillations were monitored by measuring the tunneling escape rate of the device to the voltage state, which is particularly sensitive to excited state population. We compare the observed oscillation frequencies with a simplified model constructed from the full phase qubit Hamiltonian and also compare time-dependent escape rate measurements with a more complete density-matrix simulation. Good quantitative agreement is found between the data and simulations, allowing us to identify a shift in resonance (analogous to the ac Stark effect), a suppression of the Rabi frequency, and leakage to the higher excited states.
%B Physical Review B
%V 78
%8 2008/9/15
%G eng
%U http://arxiv.org/abs/0806.4711v2
%N 10
%! Phys. Rev. B
%R 10.1103/PhysRevB.78.104510