%0 Journal Article
%J Journal of Mathematical Physics
%D 2012
%T Ground-State Spaces of Frustration-Free Hamiltonians
%A Jianxin Chen
%A Zhengfeng Ji
%A David Kribs
%A Zhaohui Wei
%A Bei Zeng
%X We study the ground-state space properties for frustration-free Hamiltonians. We introduce a concept of `reduced spaces' to characterize local structures of ground-state spaces. For a many-body system, we characterize mathematical structures for the set $\Theta_k$ of all the $k$-particle reduced spaces, which with a binary operation called join forms a semilattice that can be interpreted as an abstract convex structure. The smallest nonzero elements in $\Theta_k$, called atoms, are analogs of extreme points. We study the properties of atoms in $\Theta_k$ and discuss its relationship with ground states of $k$-local frustration-free Hamiltonians. For spin-1/2 systems, we show that all the atoms in $\Theta_2$ are unique ground states of some 2-local frustration-free Hamiltonians. Moreover, we show that the elements in $\Theta_k$ may not be the join of atoms, indicating a richer structure for $\Theta_k$ beyond the convex structure. Our study of $\Theta_k$ deepens the understanding of ground-state space properties for frustration-free Hamiltonians, from a new angle of reduced spaces.
%B Journal of Mathematical Physics
%V 53
%P 102201
%8 2012/01/01
%G eng
%U http://arxiv.org/abs/1112.0762v1
%N 10
%! J. Math. Phys.
%R 10.1063/1.4748527