We report on the experimental realization of a conservative optical lattice for cold atoms with a subwavelength spatial structure. The potential is based on the nonlinear optical response of three-level atoms in laser-dressed dark states, which is not constrained by the diffraction limit of the light generating the potential. The lattice consists of a one-dimensional array of ultranarrow barriers with widths less than 10 nm, well below the wavelength of the lattice light, physically realizing a Kronig-Penney potential. We study the band structure and dissipation of this lattice and find good agreement with theoretical predictions. Even on resonance, the observed lifetimes of atoms trapped in the lattice are as long as 44 ms, nearly 105times the excited state lifetime, and could be further improved with more laser intensity. The potential is readily generalizable to higher dimensions and different geometries, allowing, for example, nearly perfect box traps, narrow tunnel junctions for atomtronics applications, and dynamically generated lattices with subwavelength spacings.

VL - 120 U4 - 083601 UR - https://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.083601 U5 - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.083601 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Topologically Protected Quantum State Transfer in a Chiral Spin Liquid JF - Nature Communications Y1 - 2013 A1 - Norman Y. Yao A1 - Chris R. Laumann A1 - Alexey V. Gorshkov A1 - Hendrik Weimer A1 - Liang Jiang A1 - J. Ignacio Cirac A1 - Peter Zoller A1 - Mikhail D. Lukin AB - Topology plays a central role in ensuring the robustness of a wide variety of physical phenomena. Notable examples range from the robust current carrying edge states associated with the quantum Hall and the quantum spin Hall effects to proposals involving topologically protected quantum memory and quantum logic operations. Here, we propose and analyze a topologically protected channel for the transfer of quantum states between remote quantum nodes. In our approach, state transfer is mediated by the edge mode of a chiral spin liquid. We demonstrate that the proposed method is intrinsically robust to realistic imperfections associated with disorder and decoherence. Possible experimental implementations and applications to the detection and characterization of spin liquid phases are discussed. VL - 4 U4 - 1585 UR - http://arxiv.org/abs/1110.3788v1 J1 - Nat Comms U5 - 10.1038/ncomms2531 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Topological Flat Bands from Dipolar Spin Systems JF - Physical Review Letters Y1 - 2012 A1 - Norman Y. Yao A1 - Chris R. Laumann A1 - Alexey V. Gorshkov A1 - Steven D. Bennett A1 - Eugene Demler A1 - Peter Zoller A1 - Mikhail D. Lukin AB - We propose and analyze a physical system that naturally admits two-dimensional topological nearly flat bands. Our approach utilizes an array of three-level dipoles (effective S = 1 spins) driven by inhomogeneous electromagnetic fields. The dipolar interactions produce arbitrary uniform background gauge fields for an effective collection of conserved hardcore bosons, namely, the dressed spin-flips. These gauge fields result in topological band structures, whose bandgap can be larger than the corresponding bandwidth. Exact diagonalization of the full interacting Hamiltonian at half-filling reveals the existence of superfluid, crystalline, and supersolid phases. An experimental realization using either ultra-cold polar molecules or spins in the solid state is considered. VL - 109 UR - http://arxiv.org/abs/1207.4479v3 CP - 26 J1 - Phys. Rev. Lett. U5 - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.266804 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Alkaline-Earth-Metal Atoms as Few-Qubit Quantum Registers JF - Physical Review Letters Y1 - 2009 A1 - Alexey V. Gorshkov A1 - Ana Maria Rey A1 - Andrew J. Daley A1 - Martin M. Boyd A1 - Jun Ye A1 - Peter Zoller A1 - Mikhail D. Lukin AB - We propose and analyze a novel approach to quantum information processing, in which multiple qubits can be encoded and manipulated using electronic and nuclear degrees of freedom associated with individual alkaline-earth atoms trapped in an optical lattice. Specifically, we describe how the qubits within each register can be individually manipulated and measured with sub-wavelength optical resolution. We also show how such few-qubit registers can be coupled to each other in optical superlattices via conditional tunneling to form a scalable quantum network. Finally, potential applications to quantum computation and precision measurements are discussed. VL - 102 UR - http://arxiv.org/abs/0812.3660v2 CP - 11 J1 - Phys. Rev. Lett. U5 - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.110503 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Anyonic interferometry and protected memories in atomic spin lattices JF - Nature Physics Y1 - 2008 A1 - Liang Jiang A1 - Gavin K. Brennen A1 - Alexey V. Gorshkov A1 - Klemens Hammerer A1 - Mohammad Hafezi A1 - Eugene Demler A1 - Mikhail D. Lukin A1 - Peter Zoller AB - Strongly correlated quantum systems can exhibit exotic behavior called topological order which is characterized by non-local correlations that depend on the system topology. Such systems can exhibit remarkable phenomena such as quasi-particles with anyonic statistics and have been proposed as candidates for naturally fault-tolerant quantum computation. Despite these remarkable properties, anyons have never been observed in nature directly. Here we describe how to unambiguously detect and characterize such states in recently proposed spin lattice realizations using ultra-cold atoms or molecules trapped in an optical lattice. We propose an experimentally feasible technique to access non-local degrees of freedom by performing global operations on trapped spins mediated by an optical cavity mode. We show how to reliably read and write topologically protected quantum memory using an atomic or photonic qubit. Furthermore, our technique can be used to probe statistics and dynamics of anyonic excitations. VL - 4 U4 - 482 - 488 UR - http://arxiv.org/abs/0711.1365v1 CP - 6 J1 - Nat Phys U5 - 10.1038/nphys943 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Coherent Quantum Optical Control with Subwavelength Resolution JF - Physical Review Letters Y1 - 2008 A1 - Alexey V. Gorshkov A1 - Liang Jiang A1 - Markus Greiner A1 - Peter Zoller A1 - Mikhail D. Lukin AB - We suggest a new method for quantum optical control with nanoscale resolution. Our method allows for coherent far-field manipulation of individual quantum systems with spatial selectivity that is not limited by the wavelength of radiation and can, in principle, approach a few nanometers. The selectivity is enabled by the nonlinear atomic response, under the conditions of Electromagnetically Induced Transparency, to a control beam with intensity vanishing at a certain location. Practical performance of this technique and its potential applications to quantum information science with cold atoms, ions, and solid-state qubits are discussed. VL - 100 UR - http://arxiv.org/abs/0706.3879v2 CP - 9 J1 - Phys. Rev. Lett. U5 - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.093005 ER -