Long-range Rydberg interactions, in combination with electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT), give rise to strongly interacting photons where the strength, sign, and form of the interactions are widely tunable and controllable. Such control can be applied to both coherent and dissipative interactions, which provides the potential to generate novel few-photon states. Recently it has been shown that Rydberg-EIT is a rare system in which three-body interactions can be as strong or stronger than two-body interactions. In this work, we study a three-body scattering loss for Rydberg-EIT in a wide regime of single and two-photon detunings. Our numerical simulations of the full three-body wavefunction and analytical estimates based on Fermi's Golden Rule strongly suggest that the observed features in the outgoing photonic correlations are caused by the resonant enhancement of the three-body losses.

UR - https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.13599 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Exotic photonic molecules via Lennard-Jones-like potentials JF - Phys. Rev. Lett. Y1 - 2020 A1 - Przemyslaw Bienias A1 - Michael Gullans A1 - Marcin Kalinowski A1 - Alexander N. Craddock A1 - Dalia P. Ornelas-Huerta A1 - Steven L. Rolston A1 - J. V. Porto A1 - Alexey V. Gorshkov AB -Ultracold systems offer an unprecedented level of control of interactions between atoms. An important challenge is to achieve a similar level of control of the interactions between photons. Towards this goal, we propose a realization of a novel Lennard-Jones-like potential between photons coupled to the Rydberg states via electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT). This potential is achieved by tuning Rydberg states to a F{ö}rster resonance with other Rydberg states. We consider few-body problems in 1D and 2D geometries and show the existence of self-bound clusters ("molecules") of photons. We demonstrate that for a few-body problem, the multi-body interactions have a significant impact on the geometry of the molecular ground state. This leads to phenomena without counterparts in conventional systems: For example, three photons in 2D preferentially arrange themselves in a line-configuration rather than in an equilateral-triangle configuration. Our result opens a new avenue for studies of many-body phenomena with strongly interacting photons.

VL - 125 UR - https://arxiv.org/abs/2003.07864 CP - 093601 U5 - https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.125.093601 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - On-demand indistinguishable single photons from an efficient and pure source based on a Rydberg ensemble Y1 - 2020 A1 - Dalia P. Ornelas-Huerta A1 - Alexander N. Craddock A1 - Elizabeth A. Goldschmidt A1 - Andrew J. Hachtel A1 - Yidan Wang A1 - P. Bienias A1 - Alexey V. Gorshkov A1 - Steve L. Rolston A1 - James V. Porto AB -Single photons coupled to atomic systems have shown to be a promising platform for developing quantum technologies. Yet a bright on-demand, highly pure and highly indistinguishable single-photon source compatible with atomic platforms is lacking. In this work, we demonstrate such a source based on a strongly interacting Rydberg system. The large optical nonlinearities in a blockaded Rydberg ensemble convert coherent light into a single-collective excitation that can be coherently retrieved as a quantum field. We observe a single-transverse-mode efficiency up to 0.18(2), g(2)=2.0(1.5)×10−4, and indistinguishability of 0.982(7), making this system promising for scalable quantum information applications. Accounting for losses, we infer a generation probability up to 0.40(4). Furthermore, we investigate the effects of contaminant Rydberg excitations on the source efficiency. Finally, we introduce metrics to benchmark the performance of on-demand single-photon sources.

UR - https://arxiv.org/abs/2003.02202 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Resonant enhancement of three-body loss between strongly interacting photons Y1 - 2020 A1 - Marcin Kalinowski A1 - Yidan Wang A1 - Przemyslaw Bienias A1 - Michael Gullans A1 - Dalia P. Ornelas-Huerta A1 - Alexander N. Craddock A1 - Steven L. Rolston A1 - J. V. Porto A1 - Hans Peter Büchler A1 - Alexey V. Gorshkov AB -Rydberg polaritons provide an example of a rare type of system where three-body interactions can be as strong or even stronger than two-body interactions. The three-body interactions can be either dispersive or dissipative, with both types possibly giving rise to exotic, strongly-interacting, and topological phases of matter. Despite past theoretical and experimental studies of the regime with dispersive interaction, the dissipative regime is still mostly unexplored. Using a renormalization group technique to solve the three-body Schrödinger equation, we show how the shape and strength of dissipative three-body forces can be universally enhanced for Rydberg polaritons. We demonstrate how these interactions relate to the transmission through a single-mode cavity, which can be used as a probe of the three-body physics in current experiment

UR - https://arxiv.org/abs/2010.09772 ER -