Quantum information science and technology (QIST) is a critical and emerging technology with the potential for enormous world impact and is currently invested in by over 40 nations. To bring these large-scale investments to fruition and bridge the lower technology readiness levels (TRLs) of fundamental research at universities to the high TRLs necessary to realize the promise of practical quantum advantage accessible to industry and the public, we present a roadmap for Quantum Technology Demonstration Projects (QTDPs). Such QTDPs, focused on intermediate TRLs, are large-scale public-private partnerships with a high probability of translation from laboratory to practice. They create technology demonstrating a clear 'quantum advantage' for science breakthroughs that are user-motivated and will provide access to a broad and diverse community of scientific users. Successful implementation of a program of QTDPs will have large positive economic impacts.

UR - https://arxiv.org/abs/2210.14757 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Device-independent Randomness Expansion with Entangled Photons JF - Nat. Phys. Y1 - 2021 A1 - Lynden K. Shalm A1 - Yanbao Zhang A1 - Joshua C. Bienfang A1 - Collin Schlager A1 - Martin J. Stevens A1 - Michael D. Mazurek A1 - Carlos Abellán A1 - Waldimar Amaya A1 - Morgan W. Mitchell A1 - Mohammad A. Alhejji A1 - Honghao Fu A1 - Joel Ornstein A1 - Richard P. Mirin A1 - Sae Woo Nam A1 - Emanuel Knill AB -With the growing availability of experimental loophole-free Bell tests, it has become possible to implement a new class of device-independent random number generators whose output can be certified to be uniformly random without requiring a detailed model of the quantum devices used. However, all of these experiments require many input bits in order to certify a small number of output bits, and it is an outstanding challenge to develop a system that generates more randomness than is used. Here, we devise a device-independent spot-checking protocol which uses only uniform bits as input. Implemented with a photonic loophole-free Bell test, we can produce 24% more certified output bits (1,181,264,237) than consumed input bits (953,301,640), which is 5 orders of magnitude more efficient than our previous work [arXiv:1812.07786]. The experiment ran for 91.0 hours, creating randomness at an average rate of 3606 bits/s with a soundness error bounded by 5.7×10−7 in the presence of classical side information. Our system will allow for greater trust in public sources of randomness, such as randomness beacons, and the protocols may one day enable high-quality sources of private randomness as the device footprint shrinks.

UR - https://arxiv.org/abs/1912.11158 U5 - https://doi.org/10.1038/s41567-020-01153-4 ER - TY - JOUR T1 - Experimental Low-Latency Device-Independent Quantum Randomness JF - Phys. Rev. Lett. Y1 - 2020 A1 - Yanbao Zhang A1 - Lynden K. Shalm A1 - Joshua C. Bienfang A1 - Martin J. Stevens A1 - Michael D. Mazurek A1 - Sae Woo Nam A1 - Carlos Abellán A1 - Waldimar Amaya A1 - Morgan W. Mitchell A1 - Honghao Fu A1 - Carl Miller A1 - Alan Mink A1 - Emanuel Knill AB -Applications of randomness such as private key generation and public randomness beacons require small blocks of certified random bits on demand. Device-independent quantum random number generators can produce such random bits, but existing quantum-proof protocols and loophole-free implementations suffer from high latency, requiring many hours to produce any random bits. We demonstrate device-independent quantum randomness generation from a loophole-free Bell test with a more efficient quantum-proof protocol, obtaining multiple blocks of 512 bits with an average experiment time of less than 5 min per block and with certified error bounded by 2−64≈5.42×10−20.

VL - 124 UR - https://arxiv.org/abs/1812.07786 CP - 010505 U5 - https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.010505 ER -