TY - JOUR
T1 - Universal Subspaces for Local Unitary Groups of Fermionic Systems
JF - Communications in Mathematical Physics
Y1 - 2015
A1 - Lin Chen
A1 - Jianxin Chen
A1 - Dragomir Z. Djokovic
A1 - Bei Zeng
AB - Let $\mathcal{V}=\wedge^N V$ be the $N$-fermion Hilbert space with $M$-dimensional single particle space $V$ and $2N\le M$. We refer to the unitary group $G$ of $V$ as the local unitary (LU) group. We fix an orthonormal (o.n.) basis $\ket{v_1},...,\ket{v_M}$ of $V$. Then the Slater determinants $e_{i_1,...,i_N}:= \ket{v_{i_1}\we v_{i_2}\we...\we v_{i_N}}$ with $i_1<...3. If $M$ is even, the well known BCS states are not LU-equivalent to any single occupancy state. Our main result is that for N=3 and $M$ even there is a universal subspace $\cW\subseteq\cS$ spanned by $M(M-1)(M-5)/6$ states $e_{i_1,...,i_N}$. Moreover the number $M(M-1)(M-5)/6$ is minimal.
VL - 333
U4 - 541 - 563
UR - http://arxiv.org/abs/1301.3421v2
CP - 2
J1 - Commun. Math. Phys.
U5 - 10.1007/s00220-014-2187-6
ER -