TY - JOUR
T1 - No-go Theorem for One-way Quantum Computing on Naturally Occurring Two-level Systems
JF - Physical Review A
Y1 - 2011
A1 - Jianxin Chen
A1 - Xie Chen
A1 - Runyao Duan
A1 - Zhengfeng Ji
A1 - Bei Zeng
AB - One-way quantum computing achieves the full power of quantum computation by performing single particle measurements on some many-body entangled state, known as the resource state. As single particle measurements are relatively easy to implement, the preparation of the resource state becomes a crucial task. An appealing approach is simply to cool a strongly correlated quantum many-body system to its ground state. In addition to requiring the ground state of the system to be universal for one-way quantum computing, we also want the Hamiltonian to have non-degenerate ground state protected by a fixed energy gap, to involve only two-body interactions, and to be frustration-free so that measurements in the course of the computation leave the remaining particles in the ground space. Recently, significant efforts have been made to the search of resource states that appear naturally as ground states in spin lattice systems. The approach is proved to be successful in spin-5/2 and spin-3/2 systems. Yet, it remains an open question whether there could be such a natural resource state in a spin-1/2, i.e., qubit system. Here, we give a negative answer to this question by proving that it is impossible for a genuinely entangled qubit states to be a non-degenerate ground state of any two-body frustration-free Hamiltonian. What is more, we prove that every spin-1/2 frustration-free Hamiltonian with two-body interaction always has a ground state that is a product of single- or two-qubit states, a stronger result that is interesting independent of the context of one-way quantum computing.
VL - 83
UR - http://arxiv.org/abs/1004.3787v1
CP - 5
J1 - Phys. Rev. A
U5 - 10.1103/PhysRevA.83.050301
ER -