We introduce the notion of "generalized bosons" whose exchange statistics resemble those of bosons, but the local bosonic commutator [ai,a†i]=1 is replaced by an arbitrary single-mode operator that is diagonal in the generalized Fock basis. Examples of generalized bosons include boson pairs and spins. We consider the analogue of the boson sampling task for these particles and observe that its output probabilities are still given by permanents, so that the results regarding hardness of sampling directly carry over. Finally, we propose implementations of generalized boson sampling in circuit-QED and ion-trap platforms.

1 aKuo, En-Jui1 aXu, Yijia1 aHangleiter, Dominik1 aGrankin, Andrey1 aHafezi, Mohammad uhttps://arxiv.org/abs/2204.0838901492nas a2200181 4500008004100000245008600041210006900127260001500196490000600211520094800217100001601165700002301181700002101204700001701225700001701242700001401259856003701273 2022 eng d00aEfficient Product Formulas for Commutators and Applications to Quantum Simulation0 aEfficient Product Formulas for Commutators and Applications to Q c03/10/20220 v43 aWe construct product formulas for exponentials of commutators and explore their applications. First, we directly construct a third-order product formula with six exponentials by solving polynomial equations obtained using the operator differential method. We then derive higher-order product formulas recursively from the third-order formula. We improve over previous recursive constructions, reducing the number of gates required to achieve the same accuracy. In addition, we demonstrate that the constituent linear terms in the commutator can be included at no extra cost. As an application, we show how to use the product formulas in a digital protocol for counterdiabatic driving, which increases the fidelity for quantum state preparation. We also discuss applications to quantum simulation of one-dimensional fermion chains with nearest- and next-nearest-neighbor hopping terms, and two-dimensional fractional quantum Hall phases.

1 aChen, Yu-An1 aChilds, Andrew, M.1 aHafezi, Mohammad1 aJiang, Zhang1 aKim, Hwanmun1 aXu, Yijia uhttps://arxiv.org/abs/2111.12177