We report on the experimental realization of a conservative optical lattice for cold atoms with a subwavelength spatial structure. The potential is based on the nonlinear optical response of three-level atoms in laser-dressed dark states, which is not constrained by the diffraction limit of the light generating the potential. The lattice consists of a one-dimensional array of ultranarrow barriers with widths less than 10 nm, well below the wavelength of the lattice light, physically realizing a Kronig-Penney potential. We study the band structure and dissipation of this lattice and find good agreement with theoretical predictions. Even on resonance, the observed lifetimes of atoms trapped in the lattice are as long as 44 ms, nearly 105times the excited state lifetime, and could be further improved with more laser intensity. The potential is readily generalizable to higher dimensions and different geometries, allowing, for example, nearly perfect box traps, narrow tunnel junctions for atomtronics applications, and dynamically generated lattices with subwavelength spacings.

1 aWang, Yang1 aSubhankar, Sarthak1 aBienias, Przemyslaw1 aLacki, Mateusz1 aTsui, Tsz-Chun1 aBaranov, Mikhail, A.1 aGorshkov, Alexey, V.1 aZoller, Peter1 aPorto, James, V.1 aRolston, Steven, L. uhttps://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.08360101443nas a2200217 4500008004100000245007500041210006900116260001400185300000900199490000600208520080900214100002001023700002301043700002501066700002001091700001701111700001901128700001801147700002301165856003701188 2013 eng d00aTopologically Protected Quantum State Transfer in a Chiral Spin Liquid0 aTopologically Protected Quantum State Transfer in a Chiral Spin c2013/3/12 a15850 v43 a Topology plays a central role in ensuring the robustness of a wide variety of physical phenomena. Notable examples range from the robust current carrying edge states associated with the quantum Hall and the quantum spin Hall effects to proposals involving topologically protected quantum memory and quantum logic operations. Here, we propose and analyze a topologically protected channel for the transfer of quantum states between remote quantum nodes. In our approach, state transfer is mediated by the edge mode of a chiral spin liquid. We demonstrate that the proposed method is intrinsically robust to realistic imperfections associated with disorder and decoherence. Possible experimental implementations and applications to the detection and characterization of spin liquid phases are discussed. 1 aYao, Norman, Y.1 aLaumann, Chris, R.1 aGorshkov, Alexey, V.1 aWeimer, Hendrik1 aJiang, Liang1 aCirac, Ignacio1 aZoller, Peter1 aLukin, Mikhail, D. uhttp://arxiv.org/abs/1110.3788v101339nas a2200193 4500008004100000245005300041210005300094260001500147490000800162520078600170100002000956700002300976700002500999700002401024700001901048700001801067700002301085856003701108 2012 eng d00aTopological Flat Bands from Dipolar Spin Systems0 aTopological Flat Bands from Dipolar Spin Systems c2012/12/260 v1093 a We propose and analyze a physical system that naturally admits two-dimensional topological nearly flat bands. Our approach utilizes an array of three-level dipoles (effective S = 1 spins) driven by inhomogeneous electromagnetic fields. The dipolar interactions produce arbitrary uniform background gauge fields for an effective collection of conserved hardcore bosons, namely, the dressed spin-flips. These gauge fields result in topological band structures, whose bandgap can be larger than the corresponding bandwidth. Exact diagonalization of the full interacting Hamiltonian at half-filling reveals the existence of superfluid, crystalline, and supersolid phases. An experimental realization using either ultra-cold polar molecules or spins in the solid state is considered. 1 aYao, Norman, Y.1 aLaumann, Chris, R.1 aGorshkov, Alexey, V.1 aBennett, Steven, D.1 aDemler, Eugene1 aZoller, Peter1 aLukin, Mikhail, D. uhttp://arxiv.org/abs/1207.4479v301223nas a2200193 4500008004100000245006200041210005900103260001400162490000800176520066700184100002500851700002000876700002200896700002100918700001200939700001800951700002300969856003700992 2009 eng d00aAlkaline-Earth-Metal Atoms as Few-Qubit Quantum Registers0 aAlkalineEarthMetal Atoms as FewQubit Quantum Registers c2009/3/180 v1023 a We propose and analyze a novel approach to quantum information processing, in which multiple qubits can be encoded and manipulated using electronic and nuclear degrees of freedom associated with individual alkaline-earth atoms trapped in an optical lattice. Specifically, we describe how the qubits within each register can be individually manipulated and measured with sub-wavelength optical resolution. We also show how such few-qubit registers can be coupled to each other in optical superlattices via conditional tunneling to form a scalable quantum network. Finally, potential applications to quantum computation and precision measurements are discussed. 1 aGorshkov, Alexey, V.1 aRey, Ana, Maria1 aDaley, Andrew, J.1 aBoyd, Martin, M.1 aYe, Jun1 aZoller, Peter1 aLukin, Mikhail, D. uhttp://arxiv.org/abs/0812.3660v201661nas a2200217 4500008004100000245007400041210006900115260001400184300001400198490000600212520102000218100001701238700002301255700002501278700002201303700002101325700001901346700002301365700001801388856003701406 2008 eng d00aAnyonic interferometry and protected memories in atomic spin lattices0 aAnyonic interferometry and protected memories in atomic spin lat c2008/4/20 a482 - 4880 v43 a Strongly correlated quantum systems can exhibit exotic behavior called topological order which is characterized by non-local correlations that depend on the system topology. Such systems can exhibit remarkable phenomena such as quasi-particles with anyonic statistics and have been proposed as candidates for naturally fault-tolerant quantum computation. Despite these remarkable properties, anyons have never been observed in nature directly. Here we describe how to unambiguously detect and characterize such states in recently proposed spin lattice realizations using ultra-cold atoms or molecules trapped in an optical lattice. We propose an experimentally feasible technique to access non-local degrees of freedom by performing global operations on trapped spins mediated by an optical cavity mode. We show how to reliably read and write topologically protected quantum memory using an atomic or photonic qubit. Furthermore, our technique can be used to probe statistics and dynamics of anyonic excitations. 1 aJiang, Liang1 aBrennen, Gavin, K.1 aGorshkov, Alexey, V.1 aHammerer, Klemens1 aHafezi, Mohammad1 aDemler, Eugene1 aLukin, Mikhail, D.1 aZoller, Peter uhttp://arxiv.org/abs/0711.1365v101158nas a2200169 4500008004100000245006700041210006700108260001300175490000800188520065200196100002500848700001700873700002000890700001800910700002300928856003700951 2008 eng d00aCoherent Quantum Optical Control with Subwavelength Resolution0 aCoherent Quantum Optical Control with Subwavelength Resolution c2008/3/70 v1003 a We suggest a new method for quantum optical control with nanoscale resolution. Our method allows for coherent far-field manipulation of individual quantum systems with spatial selectivity that is not limited by the wavelength of radiation and can, in principle, approach a few nanometers. The selectivity is enabled by the nonlinear atomic response, under the conditions of Electromagnetically Induced Transparency, to a control beam with intensity vanishing at a certain location. Practical performance of this technique and its potential applications to quantum information science with cold atoms, ions, and solid-state qubits are discussed. 1 aGorshkov, Alexey, V.1 aJiang, Liang1 aGreiner, Markus1 aZoller, Peter1 aLukin, Mikhail, D. uhttp://arxiv.org/abs/0706.3879v2