Bell inequality with self-testing property has played an important role in quantum information field with both fundamental and practical applications. However, it is generally challenging to find Bell inequalities with self-testing property for multipartite states and actually there are not many known candidates. In this work, we propose a systematical framework to construct Bell inequalities from stabilizers which are maximally violated by general stabilizer states, with two observables for each local party. We show that the constructed Bell inequalities can self-test any stabilizer state which is essentially device-independent, if and only if these stabilizers can uniquely determine the state in a device-dependent manner. This bridges the gap between device-independent and device-dependent verification methods. Our framework can provide plenty of Bell inequalities for self-testing stabilizer states. Among them, we give two families of Bell inequalities with different advantages: (1) a family of Bell inequalities with a constant ratio of quantum and classical bounds using 2N correlations, (2) Single pair inequalities improving on all previous robustness self-testing bounds using N+1 correlations, which are both efficient and suitable for realizations in multipartite systems. Our framework can not only inspire more fruitful multipartite Bell inequalities from conventional verification methods, but also pave the way for their practical applications.

1 aZhao, Qi1 aZhou, You uhttps://arxiv.org/abs/2002.0184301566nas a2200157 4500008004100000245005100041210005100092260001300143520114100156100001501297700001701312700001501329700001301344700001401357856003701371 2020 eng d00aQuantum simulation with hybrid tensor networks0 aQuantum simulation with hybrid tensor networks c7/2/20203 aTensor network theory and quantum simulation are respectively the key classical and quantum methods in understanding many-body quantum physics. Here we show hybridization of these two seemingly independent methods, inheriting both their distinct advantageous features of efficient representations of many-body wave functions. We introduce the framework of hybrid tensor networks with building blocks consisting of measurable quantum states and classically contractable tensors. As an example, we demonstrate efficient quantum simulation with hybrid tree tensor networks that use quantum hardware whose size is significantly smaller than the one of the target system. We numerically test our method for finding the ground state of 1D and 2D spin systems of up to 8×8 and 4×3 qubits with operations only acting on 8+1 and 4+1 qubits, respectively. Our approach paves the way to the near-term quantum simulation of large practical problems with intermediate size quantum hardware, with potential applications in quantum chemistry, quantum many-body physics, quantum field theory, and quantum gravity thought experiments.

1 aYuan, Xiao1 aSun, Jinzhao1 aLiu, Junyu1 aZhao, Qi1 aZhou, You uhttps://arxiv.org/abs/2007.00958