We study the quasiparticle excitation and quench dynamics of the one-dimensional transverse-field Ising model with power-law (1/rα) interactions. We find that long-range interactions give rise to a confining potential, which couples pairs of domain walls (kinks) into bound quasiparticles, analogous to mesonic bound states in high-energy physics. We show that these bound states have dramatic consequences for the non-equilibrium dynamics following a global quantum quench, such as suppressed spreading of quantum information and oscillations of order parameters. The masses of these bound states can be read out from the Fourier spectrum of these oscillating order parameters. We then use a two-kink model to qualitatively explain the phenomenon of long-range-interaction-induced confinement. The masses of the bound states predicted by this model are in good quantitative agreement with exact diagonalization results. Moreover, we illustrate that these bound states lead to weak thermalization of local observables for initial states with energy near the bottom of the many-body energy spectrum. Our work is readily applicable to current trapped-ion experiments.

1 aLiu, Fangli1 aLundgren, Rex1 aTitum, Paraj1 aPagano, Guido1 aZhang, Jiehang1 aMonroe, Christopher1 aGorshkov, Alexey, V. uhttps://arxiv.org/abs/1810.0236502010nas a2200409 4500008004100000245006800041210006600109260001500175520084400190100001901034700002601053700002001079700002001099700002001119700001701139700002501156700002201181700001901203700001701222700002201239700002101261700002501282700001901307700002301326700001801349700001901367700002101386700002101407700001501428700002001443700002401463700001801487700002301505700001901528700001601547856003701563 2019 eng d00aOpportunities for Nuclear Physics & Quantum Information Science0 aOpportunities for Nuclear Physics Quantum Information Science c03/13/20193 ahis whitepaper is an outcome of the workshop Intersections between Nuclear Physics and Quantum Information held at Argonne National Laboratory on 28-30 March 2018 [www.phy.anl.gov/npqi2018/]. The workshop brought together 116 national and international experts in nuclear physics and quantum information science to explore opportunities for the two fields to collaborate on topics of interest to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science, Office of Nuclear Physics, and more broadly to U.S. society and industry. The workshop consisted of 22 invited and 10 contributed talks, as well as three panel discussion sessions. Topics discussed included quantum computation, quantum simulation, quantum sensing, nuclear physics detectors, nuclear many-body problem, entanglement at collider energies, and lattice gauge theories.

1 aCloët, I., C.1 aDietrich, Matthew, R.1 aArrington, John1 aBazavov, Alexei1 aBishof, Michael1 aFreese, Adam1 aGorshkov, Alexey, V.1 aGrassellino, Anna1 aHafidi, Kawtar1 aJacob, Zubin1 aMcGuigan, Michael1 aMeurice, Yannick1 aMeziani, Zein-Eddine1 aMueller, Peter1 aMuschik, Christine1 aOsborn, James1 aOtten, Matthew1 aPetreczky, Peter1 aPolakovic, Tomas1 aPoon, Alan1 aPooser, Raphael1 aRoggero, Alessandro1 aSaffman, Mark1 aVanDevender, Brent1 aZhang, Jiehang1 aZohar, Erez uhttps://arxiv.org/abs/1903.05453