We introduce an adiabatic transfer protocol for spin states in large quantum dot arrays that is based on time-dependent modulation of the Heisenberg exchange interaction in the presence of a magnetic field gradient. We refer to this protocol as spin-CTAP (coherent transport by adiabatic passage) in analogy to a related protocol developed for charge state transfer in quantum dot arrays. The insensitivity of this adiabatic protocol to pulse imperfections has potential advantages for reading out extended spin qubit arrays. When the static exchange interaction varies across the array, a quantum-controlled version of spin-CTAP is possible, where the transfer process is conditional on the spin states in the middle of the array. This conditional operation can be used to generate N-qubit entangled GHZ states. Using a realistic noise model, we analyze the robustness of the spin-CTAP operations and find that high-fidelity (>95%) spin eigenstate transfer and GHZ state preparation is feasible in current devices.

1 aGullans, Michael1 aPetta, J., R. uhttps://arxiv.org/abs/2007.1058201674nas a2200181 4500008004100000245007500041210006900116260001500185300001100200490000700211520113600218100001501354700001101369700001901380700001801399700001901417856005601436 2017 eng d00aInput-output theory for spin-photon coupling in Si double quantum dots0 aInputoutput theory for spinphoton coupling in Si double quantum c2017/12/22 a2354340 v963 aThe interaction of qubits via microwave frequency photons enables long-distance qubit-qubit coupling and facilitates the realization of a large-scale quantum processor. However, qubits based on electron spins in semiconductor quantum dots have proven challenging to couple to microwave photons. In this theoretical work we show that a sizable coupling for a single electron spin is possible via spin-charge hybridization using a magnetic field gradient in a silicon double quantum dot. Based on parameters already shown in recent experiments, we predict optimal working points to achieve a coherent spin-photon coupling, an essential ingredient for the generation of long-range entanglement. Furthermore, we employ input-output theory to identify observable signatures of spin-photon coupling in the cavity output field, which may provide guidance to the experimental search for strong coupling in such spin-photon systems and opens the way to cavity-based readout of the spin qubit.

1 aBenito, M.1 aMi, X.1 aTaylor, J., M.1 aPetta, J., R.1 aBurkard, Guido uhttps://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevB.96.23543401530nas a2200217 4500008004100000245006000041210006000101260001500161300001100176490000800187520092200195100001501117700001601132700001601148700001101164700001901175700002101194700001901215700001801234856006001252 2017 eng d00aThreshold Dynamics of a Semiconductor Single Atom Maser0 aThreshold Dynamics of a Semiconductor Single Atom Maser c2017/08/31 a0977020 v1193 aWe demonstrate a single atom maser consisting of a semiconductor double quantum dot (DQD) that is embedded in a high-quality-factor microwave cavity. A finite bias drives the DQD out of equilibrium, resulting in sequential single electron tunneling and masing. We develop a dynamic tuning protocol that allows us to controllably increase the time-averaged repumping rate of the DQD at a fixed level detuning, and quantitatively study the transition through the masing threshold. We further examine the crossover from incoherent to coherent emission by measuring the photon statistics across the masing transition. The observed threshold behavior is in agreement with an existing single atom maser theory when small corrections from lead emission are taken into account.

1 aLiu, Y.-Y.1 aStehlik, J.1 aEichler, C.1 aMi, X.1 aHartke, T., R.1 aGullans, Michael1 aTaylor, J., M.1 aPetta, J., R. uhttps://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.097702