We present a general theory of quantum information propagation in chaotic quantum many-body systems. The generic expectation in such systems is that quantum information does not propagate in localized form; instead, it tends to spread out and scramble into a form that is inaccessible to local measurements. To characterize this spreading, we define an information speed via a quench-type experiment and derive a general formula for it as a function of the entanglement density of the initial state. As the entanglement density varies from zero to one, the information speed varies from the entanglement speed to the butterfly speed. We verify that the formula holds both for a quantum chaotic spin chain and in field theories with an AdS/CFT gravity dual. For the second case, we study in detail the dynamics of entanglement in two-sided Vaidya-AdS-Reissner-Nordstrom black branes. We also show that, with an appropriate decoding process, quantum information can be construed as moving at the information speed, and, in the case of AdS/CFT, we show that a locally detectable signal propagates at the information speed in a spatially local variant of the traversable wormhole setup.

1 aCouch, Josiah1 aEccles, Stefan1 aNguyen, Phuc1 aSwingle, Brian1 aXu, Shenglong uhttps://arxiv.org/abs/1908.0699301648nas a2200169 4500008004100000245006500041210006400106260001500170300000700185520110300192100001701295700002101312700002601333700002501359700001901384856007501403 2018 eng d00aEntanglement of purification: from spin chains to holography0 aEntanglement of purification from spin chains to holography c2018/01/22 a983 aPurification is a powerful technique in quantum physics whereby a mixed quantum state is extended to a pure state on a larger system. This process is not unique, and in systems composed of many degrees of freedom, one natural purification is the one with minimal entanglement. Here we study the entropy of the minimally entangled purification, called the entanglement of purification, in three model systems: an Ising spin chain, conformal field theories holographically dual to Einstein gravity, and random stabilizer tensor networks. We conjecture values for the entanglement of purification in all these models, and we support our conjectures with a variety of numerical and analytical results. We find that such minimally entangled purifications have a number of applications, from enhancing entanglement-based tensor network methods for describing mixed states to elucidating novel aspects of the emergence of geometry from entanglement in the AdS/CFT correspondence.

1 aNguyen, Phuc1 aDevakul, Trithep1 aHalbasch, Matthew, G.1 aZaletel, Michael, P.1 aSwingle, Brian uhttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FJHEP01%282018%29098#citeas