01258nas a2200181 4500008004100000245005500041210005500096260001400151490000700165520074300172100001600915700002300931700002200954700001700976700002200993700001701015856004401032 2001 eng d00aUniversal simulation of Markovian quantum dynamics0 aUniversal simulation of Markovian quantum dynamics c2001/11/90 v643 a Although the conditions for performing arbitrary unitary operations to
simulate the dynamics of a closed quantum system are well understood, the same
is not true of the more general class of quantum operations (also known as
superoperators) corresponding to the dynamics of open quantum systems. We
propose a framework for the generation of Markovian quantum dynamics and study
the resources needed for universality. For the case of a single qubit, we show
that a single nonunitary process is necessary and sufficient to generate all
unital Markovian quantum dynamics, whereas a set of processes parametrized by
one continuous parameter is needed in general. We also obtain preliminary
results for the unital case in higher dimensions.
1 aBacon, Dave1 aChilds, Andrew, M.1 aChuang, Isaac, L.1 aKempe, Julia1 aLeung, Debbie, W.1 aZhou, Xinlan uhttp://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0008070v2