01522nas a2200169 4500008004100000245007200041210006900113260001500182300001100197490000800208520100900216100002301225700001901248700002301267700002501290856003701315 2015 eng d00aNearly-linear light cones in long-range interacting quantum systems0 aNearlylinear light cones in longrange interacting quantum system c2015/04/13 a1572010 v1143 a In non-relativistic quantum theories with short-range Hamiltonians, a
velocity $v$ can be chosen such that the influence of any local perturbation is
approximately confined to within a distance $r$ until a time $t \sim r/v$,
thereby defining a linear light cone and giving rise to an emergent notion of
locality. In systems with power-law ($1/r^{\alpha}$) interactions, when
$\alpha$ exceeds the dimension $D$, an analogous bound confines influences to
within a distance $r$ only until a time $t\sim(\alpha/v)\log r$, suggesting
that the velocity, as calculated from the slope of the light cone, may grow
exponentially in time. We rule out this possibility; light cones of power-law
interacting systems are algebraic for $\alpha>2D$, becoming linear as
$\alpha\rightarrow\infty$. Our results impose strong new constraints on the
growth of correlations and the production of entangled states in a variety of
rapidly emerging, long-range interacting atomic, molecular, and optical
systems.
1 aFoss-Feig, Michael1 aGong, Zhe-Xuan1 aClark, Charles, W.1 aGorshkov, Alexey, V. uhttp://arxiv.org/abs/1410.3466v1