A Threshold for Quantum Advantage in Derivative Pricing

TitleA Threshold for Quantum Advantage in Derivative Pricing
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsChakrabarti, S, Krishnakumar, R, Mazzola, G, Stamatopoulos, N, Woerner, S, Zeng, WJ

We give an upper bound on the resources required for valuable quantum advantage in pricing derivatives. To do so, we give the first complete resource estimates for useful quantum derivative pricing, using autocallable and Target Accrual Redemption Forward (TARF) derivatives as benchmark use cases. We uncover blocking challenges in known approaches and introduce a new method for quantum derivative pricing - the re-parameterization method - that avoids them. This method combines pre-trained variational circuits with fault-tolerant quantum computing to dramatically reduce resource requirements. We find that the benchmark use cases we examine require 7.5k logical qubits and a T-depth of 46 million and thus estimate that quantum advantage would require a logical clock speed of 10Mhz. While the resource requirements given here are out of reach of current systems, we hope they will provide a roadmap for further improvements in algorithms, implementations, and planned hardware architectures.