Spinor dynamics in an antiferromagnetic spin-1 thermal Bose gas

TitleSpinor dynamics in an antiferromagnetic spin-1 thermal Bose gas
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsPechkis, HK, Wrubel, JP, Schwettmann, A, Griffin, PF, Barnett, R, Tiesinga, E, Lett, PD
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Date Published2013/7/9

We present experimental observations of coherent spin-population oscillations
in a cold thermal, Bose gas of spin-1 sodium-23 atoms. The population
oscillations in a multi-spatial-mode thermal gas have the same behavior as
those observed in a single-spatial-mode antiferromagnetic spinor Bose Einstein
condensate. We demonstrate this by showing that the two situations are
described by the same dynamical equations, with a factor of two change in the
spin-dependent interaction coefficient, which results from the change to
particles with distinguishable momentum states in the thermal gas. We compare
this theory to the measured spin population evolution after times up to a few
hundreds of ms, finding quantitative agreement with the amplitude and period.
We also measure the damping time of the oscillations as a function of magnetic

Short TitlePhys. Rev. Lett.