Scalably learning quantum many-body Hamiltonians from dynamical data

TitleScalably learning quantum many-body Hamiltonians from dynamical data
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsWilde, F, Kshetrimayum, A, Roth, I, Hangleiter, D, Sweke, R, Eisert, J
Date Published9/28/2022
KeywordsFOS: Computer and information sciences, FOS: Physical sciences, Machine Learning (cs.LG), Quantum Gases (cond-mat.quant-gas), Quantum Physics (quant-ph), Strongly Correlated Electrons (cond-mat.str-el)

The physics of a closed quantum mechanical system is governed by its Hamiltonian. However, in most practical situations, this Hamiltonian is not precisely known, and ultimately all there is are data obtained from measurements on the system. In this work, we introduce a highly scalable, data-driven approach to learning families of interacting many-body Hamiltonians from dynamical data, by bringing together techniques from gradient-based optimization from machine learning with efficient quantum state representations in terms of tensor networks. Our approach is highly practical, experimentally friendly, and intrinsically scalable to allow for system sizes of above 100 spins. In particular, we demonstrate on synthetic data that the algorithm works even if one is restricted to one simple initial state, a small number of single-qubit observables, and time evolution up to relatively short times. For the concrete example of the one-dimensional Heisenberg model our algorithm exhibits an error constant in the system size and scaling as the inverse square root of the size of the data set.