QR Factorizations Using a Restricted Set of Rotations

TitleQR Factorizations Using a Restricted Set of Rotations
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsO'Leary, DP, Bullock, SS
JournalElectronic Transactions on Numerical Analysis
Date Published2005/07/11

Any matrix A of dimension m × n (m ≥ n) can be reduced to upper triangular form
by multiplying by a sequence of mn − n(n + 1)/2 appropriately chosen rotation matrices. In this
work, we address the question of whether such a factorization exists when the set of allowed rotation
planes is restricted. We introduce the rotation graph as a tool to devise elimination orderings in
QR factorizations. Properties of this graph characterize sets of rotation planes that are sufficient (or
sufficient under permutation) and identify rotation planes to add to complete a deficient set. We
also devise a constructive way to determine all feasible rotation sequences for performing the QR
factorization using a restricted set of rotation planes. We present applications to quantum circuit
design and parallel QR factorization.