Optimal Measurement of Field Properties with Quantum Sensor Networks

TitleOptimal Measurement of Field Properties with Quantum Sensor Networks
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsQian, T, Bringewatt, J, Boettcher, I, Bienias, P, Gorshkov, AV
Date Published11/2/2020

We consider a quantum sensor network of qubit sensors coupled to a field f(x⃗ ;θ⃗ ) analytically parameterized by the vector of parameters θ⃗ . The qubit sensors are fixed at positions x⃗ 1,…,x⃗ d. While the functional form of f(x⃗ ;θ⃗ ) is known, the parameters θ⃗  are not. We derive saturable bounds on the precision of measuring an arbitrary analytic function q(θ⃗ ) of these parameters and construct the optimal protocols that achieve these bounds. Our results are obtained from a combination of techniques from quantum information theory and duality theorems for linear programming. They can be applied to many problems, including optimal placement of quantum sensors, field interpolation, and the measurement of functionals of parametrized fields.