High-Order Multipole Radiation from Quantum Hall States in Dirac Materials

TitleHigh-Order Multipole Radiation from Quantum Hall States in Dirac Materials
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsGullans, M, Taylor, JM, Imamoglu, A, Ghaemi, P, Hafezi, M
JournalPhysical Review B
Date Published2017/06/30

Topological states can exhibit electronic coherence on macroscopic length scales. When the coherence length exceeds the wavelength of light, one can expect new phenomena to occur in the optical response of these states. We theoretically characterize this limit for integer quantum Hall states in two-dimensional Dirac materials. We find that the radiation from the bulk is dominated by dipole emission, whose spectral properties vary with the local disorder potential. On the other hand, the radiation from the edge is characterized by large multipole moments in the far-field associated with the efficient transfer of angular momentum from the electrons into the scattered light. These results demonstrate that high-order multipole transitions are a necessary component for the optical spectroscopy and control of quantum Hall and related topological states in electronic systems.