|Title||Gravitational Direct Detection of Dark Matter|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2020|
|Authors||Carney, D, Ghosh, S, Krnjaic, G, Taylor, JM|
|Journal||Phys. Rev. D|
|Type of Article||FERMILAB-PUB-19-082-AE-T|
The only coupling dark matter is guaranteed to have with the standard model is through gravity. Here we propose a concept for direct dark matter detection using only this gravitational coupling, enabling a new regime of detection. Leveraging dramatic advances in the ability to create, maintain, and probe quantum states of massive objects, we suggest that an array of quantum-limited impulse sensors may be capable of detecting the correlated gravitational force created by a passing dark matter particle. We present two concrete realizations of this scheme, using either mechanical resonators or freely-falling masses. With currently available technology, a meter-scale apparatus of this type could detect any dark matter candidate around the Planck mass or heavier.