Efficient Product Formulas for Commutators and Applications to Quantum Simulation

TitleEfficient Product Formulas for Commutators and Applications to Quantum Simulation
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsChen, Y-A, Childs, AM, Hafezi, M, Jiang, Z, Kim, H, Xu, Y
JournalPhysical Review Research
Start Page013191
Date Published03/10/2022

We construct product formulas for exponentials of commutators and explore their applications. First, we directly construct a third-order product formula with six exponentials by solving polynomial equations obtained using the operator differential method. We then derive higher-order product formulas recursively from the third-order formula. We improve over previous recursive constructions, reducing the number of gates required to achieve the same accuracy. In addition, we demonstrate that the constituent linear terms in the commutator can be included at no extra cost. As an application, we show how to use the product formulas in a digital protocol for counterdiabatic driving, which increases the fidelity for quantum state preparation. We also discuss applications to quantum simulation of one-dimensional fermion chains with nearest- and next-nearest-neighbor hopping terms, and two-dimensional fractional quantum Hall phases.