|Title||Decoding conformal field theories: from supervised to unsupervised learning|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2021|
|Authors||Kuo, E-J, Seif, A, Lundgren, R, Whitsitt, S, Hafezi, M|
We use machine learning to classify rational two-dimensional conformal field theories. We first use the energy spectra of these minimal models to train a supervised learning algorithm. We find that the machine is able to correctly predict the nature and the value of critical points of several strongly correlated spin models using only their energy spectra. This is in contrast to previous works that use machine learning to classify different phases of matter, but do not reveal the nature of the critical point between phases. Given that the ground-state entanglement Hamiltonian of certain topological phases of matter is also described by conformal field theories, we use supervised learning on Réyni entropies and find that the machine is able to identify which conformal field theory describes the entanglement Hamiltonian with only the lowest few Réyni entropies to a high degree of accuracy. Finally, using autoencoders, an unsupervised learning algorithm, we find a hidden variable that has a direct correlation with the central charge and discuss prospects for using machine learning to investigate other conformal field theories, including higher-dimensional ones. Our results highlight that machine learning can be used to find and characterize critical points and also hint at the intriguing possibility to use machine learning to learn about more complex conformal field theories.