Bragg Spectroscopy of ultracold atoms loaded in an optical lattice

TitleBragg Spectroscopy of ultracold atoms loaded in an optical lattice
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsRey, AMaria, P. Blakie, B, Pupillo, G, Williams, CJ, Clark, CW
JournalPhysical Review A
Date Published2005/8/12

We study Bragg spectroscopy of ultra-cold atoms in one-dimensional optical
lattices as a method for probing the excitation spectrum in the Mott insulator
phase, in particular the one particle-hole excitation band. Within the
framework of perturbation theory we obtain an analytical expression for the
dynamic structure factor $S(q,\omega)$ and use it to calculate the imparted
energy which has shown to be a relevant observable in recent experiments. We
test the accuracy of our approximations by comparing them with numerically
exact solutions of the Bose-Hubbard model in restricted cases and establish the
limits of validity of our linear response analysis. Finally we show that when
the system is deep in the Mott insulator regime, its response to the Bragg
perturbation is temperature dependent. We suggest that this dependence might be
used as a tool to probe temperatures of order of the Mott gap.

Short TitlePhys. Rev. A