%0 Journal Article
%J Physical Review A
%D 2011
%T Quantum Magnetism with Polar Alkali Dimers
%A Alexey V. Gorshkov
%A Salvatore R. Manmana
%A Gang Chen
%A Eugene Demler
%A Mikhail D. Lukin
%A Ana Maria Rey
%X We show that dipolar interactions between ultracold polar alkali dimers in optical lattices can be used to realize a highly tunable generalization of the t-J model, which we refer to as the t-J-V-W model. The model features long-range spin-spin interactions J_z and J_perp of XXZ type, long-range density-density interaction V, and long-range density-spin interaction W, all of which can be controlled in both magnitude and sign independently of each other and of the tunneling t. The "spin" is encoded in the rotational degree of freedom of the molecules, while the interactions are controlled by applied static electric and continuous-wave microwave fields. Furthermore, we show that nuclear spins of the molecules can be used to implement an additional (orbital) degree of freedom that is coupled to the original rotational degree of freedom in a tunable way. The presented system is expected to exhibit exotic physics and to provide insights into strongly correlated phenomena in condensed matter systems. Realistic experimental imperfections are discussed.
%B Physical Review A
%V 84
%8 2011/9/15
%G eng
%U http://arxiv.org/abs/1106.1655v1
%N 3
%! Phys. Rev. A
%R 10.1103/PhysRevA.84.033619
%0 Journal Article
%J Physical Review Letters
%D 2011
%T Tunable Superfluidity and Quantum Magnetism with Ultracold Polar Molecules
%A Alexey V. Gorshkov
%A Salvatore R. Manmana
%A Gang Chen
%A Jun Ye
%A Eugene Demler
%A Mikhail D. Lukin
%A Ana Maria Rey
%X By selecting two dressed rotational states of ultracold polar molecules in an optical lattice, we obtain a highly tunable generalization of the t-J model, which we refer to as the t-J-V-W model. In addition to XXZ spin exchange, the model features density-density interactions and novel density-spin interactions; all interactions are dipolar. We show that full control of all interaction parameters in both magnitude and sign can be achieved independently of each other and of the tunneling. As a first step towards demonstrating the potential of the system, we apply the density matrix renormalization group method (DMRG) to obtain the 1D phase diagram of the simplest experimentally realizable case. Specifically, we show that the tunability and the long-range nature of the interactions in the t-J-V-W model enable enhanced superfluidity. Finally, we show that Bloch oscillations in a tilted lattice can be used to probe the phase diagram experimentally.
%B Physical Review Letters
%V 107
%8 2011/9/8
%G eng
%U http://arxiv.org/abs/1106.1644v1
%N 11
%! Phys. Rev. Lett.
%R 10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.115301