We use Nielsen's approach to quantify the circuit complexity in the one-dimensional Kitaev model. In equilibrium, we find that the circuit complexity of ground states exhibits a divergent derivative at the critical point, signaling the presence of a topological phase transition. Out of equilibrium, we study the complexity dynamics after a sudden quench, and find that the steady-state complexity exhibits nonanalytical behavior when quenched across critical points. We generalize our results to the long-range interacting case, and demonstrate that the circuit complexity correctly predicts the critical point between regions with different semi-integer topological numbers. Our results establish a connection between circuit complexity and quantum phase transitions both in and out of equilibrium, and can be easily generalized to topological phase transitions in higher dimensions. Our study opens a new avenue to using circuit complexity as a novel quantity to understand many-body systems.

%8 03/27/2019 %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/1902.10720 %0 Journal Article %J Phys. Rev. Lett. %D 2019 %T Confined Dynamics in Long-Range Interacting Quantum Spin Chains %A Fangli Liu %A Rex Lundgren %A Paraj Titum %A Guido Pagano %A Jiehang Zhang %A Christopher Monroe %A Alexey V. Gorshkov %XWe study the quasiparticle excitation and quench dynamics of the one-dimensional transverse-field Ising model with power-law (1/rα) interactions. We find that long-range interactions give rise to a confining potential, which couples pairs of domain walls (kinks) into bound quasiparticles, analogous to mesonic bound states in high-energy physics. We show that these bound states have dramatic consequences for the non-equilibrium dynamics following a global quantum quench, such as suppressed spreading of quantum information and oscillations of order parameters. The masses of these bound states can be read out from the Fourier spectrum of these oscillating order parameters. We then use a two-kink model to qualitatively explain the phenomenon of long-range-interaction-induced confinement. The masses of the bound states predicted by this model are in good quantitative agreement with exact diagonalization results. Moreover, we illustrate that these bound states lead to weak thermalization of local observables for initial states with energy near the bottom of the many-body energy spectrum. Our work is readily applicable to current trapped-ion experiments.

%B Phys. Rev. Lett. %V 122 %8 04/17/2019 %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/1810.02365 %N 150601 %R https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.150601 %0 Journal Article %J Physical Review B %D 2018 %T Absence of Thermalization in Finite Isolated Interacting Floquet Systems %A Karthik Seetharam %A Paraj Titum %A Michael Kolodrubetz %A Gil Refael %XConventional wisdom suggests that the long time behavior of isolated interacting periodically driven (Floquet) systems is a featureless maximal entropy state characterized by an infinite temperature. Efforts to thwart this uninteresting fixed point include adding sufficient disorder to realize a Floquet many-body localized phase or working in a narrow region of drive frequencies to achieve glassy non-thermal behavior at long time. Here we show that in clean systems the Floquet eigenstates can exhibit non-thermal behavior due to finite system size. We consider a one-dimensional system of spinless fermions with nearest-neighbor interactions where the interaction term is driven. Interestingly, even with no static component of the interaction, the quasienergy spectrum contains gaps and a significant fraction of the Floquet eigenstates, at all quasienergies, have non-thermal average doublon densities. We show that this non-thermal behavior arises due to emergent integrability at large interaction strength and discuss how the integrability breaks down with power-law behavior in system size.

%B Physical Review B %V 97 %P 014311 %8 2018/01/29 %G eng %U https://journals.aps.org/prb/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevB.97.014311 %N 1 %R 10.1103/PhysRevB.97.014311 %0 Journal Article %J Phys. Rev. %D 2018 %T Energy-level statistics in strongly disordered systems with power-law hopping %A Paraj Titum %A Victor L. Quito %A Sergey V. Syzranov %XMotivated by neutral excitations in disordered electronic materials and systems of trapped ultracold particles with long-range interactions, we study energy-level statistics of quasiparticles with the power-law hopping Hamiltonian ∝1/rα in a strong random potential. In solid-state systems such quasiparticles, which are exemplified by neutral dipolar excitations, lead to long-range correlations of local observables and may dominate energy transport. Focussing on the excitations in disordered electronic systems, we compute the energy-level correlation function R2(ω) in a finite system in the limit of sufficiently strong disorder. At small energy differences the correlations exhibit Wigner-Dyson statistics. In particular, in the limit of very strong disorder the energy-level correlation function is given by R2(ω,V)=A3ωωV for small frequencies ω≪ωV and R2(ω,V)=1−(α−d)A1(ωVω)dα−A2(ωVω)2 for large frequencies ω≫ωV, where ωV∝V−αd is the characteristic matrix element of excitation hopping in a system of volume V, and A1, A2 and A3 are coefficient of order unity which depend on the shape of the system. The energy-level correlation function, which we study, allows for a direct experimental observation, for example, by measuring the correlations of the ac conductance of the system at different frequencies.

%B Phys. Rev. %V B %P 014201 %8 2018/07/16 %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/1803.11178 %N 98 %R https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.98.014201 %0 Journal Article %D 2018 %T Photon propagation through dissipative Rydberg media at large input rates %A Przemyslaw Bienias %A James Douglas %A Asaf Paris-Mandoki %A Paraj Titum %A Ivan Mirgorodskiy %A Christoph Tresp %A Emil Zeuthen %A Michael J. Gullans %A Marco Manzoni %A Sebastian Hofferberth %A Darrick Chang %A Alexey V. Gorshkov %XWe study the dissipative propagation of quantized light in interacting Rydberg media under the conditions of electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT). Rydberg blockade physics in optically dense atomic media leads to strong dissipative interactions between single photons. The regime of high incoming photon flux constitutes a challenging many-body dissipative problem. We experimentally study in detail for the first time the pulse shapes and the second-order correlation function of the outgoing field and compare our data with simulations based on two novel theoretical approaches well-suited to treat this many-photon limit. At low incoming flux, we report good agreement between both theories and the experiment. For higher input flux, the intensity of the outgoing light is lower than that obtained from theoretical predictions. We explain this discrepancy using a simple phenomenological model taking into account pollutants, which are nearly-stationary Rydberg excitations coming from the reabsorption of scattered probe photons. At high incoming photon rates, the blockade physics results in unconventional shapes of measured correlation functions.

%G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/1807.07586 %0 Journal Article %D 2018 %T Probing ground-state phase transitions through quench dynamics %A Paraj Titum %A Joseph T. Iosue %A James R. Garrison %A Alexey V. Gorshkov %A Zhe-Xuan Gong %XThe study of quantum phase transitions requires the preparation of a many-body system near its ground state, a challenging task for many experimental systems. The measurement of quench dynamics, on the other hand, is now a routine practice in most cold atom platforms. Here we show that quintessential ingredients of quantum phase transitions can be probed directly with quench dynamics in integrable and nearly integrable systems. As a paradigmatic example, we study global quench dynamics in a transverse-field Ising model with either short-range or long-range interactions. When the model is integrable, we discover a new dynamical critical point with a non-analytic signature in the short-range correlators. The location of the dynamical critical point matches that of the quantum critical point and can be identified using a finite-time scaling method. We extend this scaling picture to systems near integrability and demonstrate the continued existence of a dynamical critical point detectable at prethermal time scales. Therefore, our method can be used to approximately locate the quantum critical point. The scaling method is also relevant to experiments with finite time and system size, and our predictions are testable in near-term experiments with trapped ions and Rydberg atoms.

%G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/1809.06377 %0 Journal Article %J Physical Review B %D 2017 %T Disorder induced transitions in resonantly driven Floquet Topological Insulators %A Paraj Titum %A Netanel H. Lindner %A Gil Refael %XWe investigate the effects of disorder in Floquet topological insulators (FTIs) occurring in semiconductor quantum wells. Such FTIs are induced by resonantly driving a transition between the valence and conduction band. We show that when disorder is added, the topological nature of such FTIs persists as long as there is a mobility gap at the resonant quasi-energy. For strong enough disorder, this gap closes and all the states become localized as the system undergoes a transition to a trivial insulator. Interestingly, the effects of disorder are not necessarily adverse: we show that in the same quantum well, disorder can also induce a transition from a trivial to a topological system, thereby establishing a Floquet Topological Anderson Insulator (FTAI). We identify the conditions on the driving field necessary for observing such a transition.

%B Physical Review B %V 96 %P 054207 %8 2017/08/16 %G eng %U https://arxiv.org/abs/1702.02956 %N 5 %R 10.1103/PhysRevB.96.054207