%0 Journal Article
%J Physical Review A
%D 2009
%T Efficient quantum circuits for arbitrary sparse unitaries
%A Stephen P. Jordan
%A Pawel Wocjan
%X Arbitrary exponentially large unitaries cannot be implemented efficiently by quantum circuits. However, we show that quantum circuits can efficiently implement any unitary provided it has at most polynomially many nonzero entries in any row or column, and these entries are efficiently computable. One can formulate a model of computation based on the composition of sparse unitaries which includes the quantum Turing machine model, the quantum circuit model, anyonic models, permutational quantum computation, and discrete time quantum walks as special cases. Thus we obtain a simple unified proof that these models are all contained in BQP. Furthermore our general method for implementing sparse unitaries simplifies several existing quantum algorithms.
%B Physical Review A
%V 80
%8 2009/12/1
%G eng
%U http://arxiv.org/abs/0904.2211v2
%N 6
%! Phys. Rev. A
%R 10.1103/PhysRevA.80.062301