We consider the problem of implementing two-party interactive quantum

communication over noisy channels, a necessary endeavor if we wish to

fully reap quantum advantages for communication.

For an arbitrary protocol with n messages, designed for

noiseless qudit channels, our main result is a simulation method that fails with probability less than

$2^{-\Theta(n\epsilon)}$ and uses a qudit channel $n(1 + \Theta

(\sqrt{\epsilon}))$ times, of which an $\epsilon$ fraction can be

corrupted adversarially.

The simulation is thus capacity achieving to leading order, and

we conjecture that it is optimal up to a constant factor in

the $\sqrt{\epsilon}$ term.

Furthermore, the simulation is in a model that does not require

pre-shared resources such as randomness or entanglement between the

communicating parties.

Surprisingly, this outperforms the best-known overhead of $1 +

O(\sqrt{\epsilon \log \log 1/\epsilon})$ in the corresponding

\emph{classical} model, which is also conjectured to be optimal

[Haeupler, FOCS'14].

Our work also improves over the best previously known quantum result

where the overhead is a non-explicit large constant [Brassard \emph{et

al.}, FOCS'14] for low $\epsilon$.

1 aLeung, Debbie1 aNayak, Ashwin1 aShayeghi, Ala1 aTouchette, Dave1 aYao, Penghui1 aYu, Nengkun uhttp://acm-stoc.org/stoc2018/STOC-2018-Accepted.html01336nas a2200169 4500008004100000245006500041210006300106260001300169300001600182490000800198520084400206100002301050700001801073700002101091700001701112856003701129 2013 eng d00aA framework for bounding nonlocality of state discrimination0 aframework for bounding nonlocality of state discrimination c2013/9/4 a1121 - 11530 v3233 a We consider the class of protocols that can be implemented by local quantum
operations and classical communication (LOCC) between two parties. In
particular, we focus on the task of discriminating a known set of quantum
states by LOCC. Building on the work in the paper "Quantum nonlocality without
entanglement" [BDF+99], we provide a framework for bounding the amount of
nonlocality in a given set of bipartite quantum states in terms of a lower
bound on the probability of error in any LOCC discrimination protocol. We apply
our framework to an orthonormal product basis known as the domino states and
obtain an alternative and simplified proof that quantifies its nonlocality. We
generalize this result for similar bases in larger dimensions, as well as the
"rotated" domino states, resolving a long-standing open question [BDF+99].
1 aChilds, Andrew, M.1 aLeung, Debbie1 aMancinska, Laura1 aOzols, Maris uhttp://arxiv.org/abs/1206.5822v100982nas a2200169 4500008004100000245008200041210006900123260001500192300001100207490000700218520047100225100002300696700001800719700002100737700001700758856003700775 2013 eng d00aInterpolatability distinguishes LOCC from separable von Neumann measurements0 aInterpolatability distinguishes LOCC from separable von Neumann c2013/06/25 a1122040 v543 a Local operations with classical communication (LOCC) and separable operations
are two classes of quantum operations that play key roles in the study of
quantum entanglement. Separable operations are strictly more powerful than
LOCC, but no simple explanation of this phenomenon is known. We show that, in
the case of von Neumann measurements, the ability to interpolate measurements
is an operational principle that sets apart LOCC and separable operations.
1 aChilds, Andrew, M.1 aLeung, Debbie1 aMancinska, Laura1 aOzols, Maris uhttp://arxiv.org/abs/1306.5992v101458nas a2200145 4500008004100000245005700041210005600098260001500154520102700169100002301196700001801219700002101237700001701258856003701275 2010 eng d00aCharacterization of universal two-qubit Hamiltonians0 aCharacterization of universal twoqubit Hamiltonians c2010/04/093 a Suppose we can apply a given 2-qubit Hamiltonian H to any (ordered) pair of
qubits. We say H is n-universal if it can be used to approximate any unitary
operation on n qubits. While it is well known that almost any 2-qubit
Hamiltonian is 2-universal (Deutsch, Barenco, Ekert 1995; Lloyd 1995), an
explicit characterization of the set of non-universal 2-qubit Hamiltonians has
been elusive. Our main result is a complete characterization of 2-non-universal
2-qubit Hamiltonians. In particular, there are three ways that a 2-qubit
Hamiltonian H can fail to be universal: (1) H shares an eigenvector with the
gate that swaps two qubits, (2) H acts on the two qubits independently (in any
of a certain family of bases), or (3) H has zero trace. A 2-non-universal
2-qubit Hamiltonian can still be n-universal for some n >= 3. We give some
partial results on 3-universality. Finally, we also show how our
characterization of 2-universal Hamiltonians implies the well-known result that
almost any 2-qubit unitary is universal.
1 aChilds, Andrew, M.1 aLeung, Debbie1 aMancinska, Laura1 aOzols, Maris uhttp://arxiv.org/abs/1004.1645v2