02029nas a2200241 4500008004100000245006600041210006500107260001400172490000800186520133800194100002601532700001801558700002301576700001201599700002201611700002101633700002001654700002301674700001201697700002101709700002001730856003701750 2014 eng d00aMany-body dynamics of dipolar molecules in an optical lattice0 aManybody dynamics of dipolar molecules in an optical lattice c2014/11/70 v1133 a Understanding the many-body dynamics of isolated quantum systems is one of
the central challenges in modern physics. To this end, the direct experimental
realization of strongly correlated quantum systems allows one to gain insights
into the emergence of complex phenomena. Such insights enable the development
of theoretical tools that broaden our understanding. Here, we theoretically
model and experimentally probe with Ramsey spectroscopy the quantum dynamics of
disordered, dipolar-interacting, ultracold molecules in a partially filled
optical lattice. We report the capability to control the dipolar interaction
strength, and we demonstrate that the many-body dynamics extends well beyond a
nearest-neighbor or mean-field picture, and cannot be quantitatively described
using previously available theoretical tools. We develop a novel cluster
expansion technique and demonstrate that our theoretical method accurately
captures the measured dependence of the spin dynamics on molecule number and on
the dipolar interaction strength. In the spirit of quantum simulation, this
agreement simultaneously benchmarks the new theoretical method and verifies our
microscopic understanding of the experiment. Our findings pave the way for
numerous applications in quantum information science, metrology, and condensed
matter physics.
1 aHazzard, Kaden, R. A.1 aGadway, Bryce1 aFoss-Feig, Michael1 aYan, Bo1 aMoses, Steven, A.1 aCovey, Jacob, P.1 aYao, Norman, Y.1 aLukin, Mikhail, D.1 aYe, Jun1 aJin, Deborah, S.1 aRey, Ana, Maria uhttp://arxiv.org/abs/1402.2354v102020nas a2200265 4500008004100000245009000041210006900131260001400200490000800214520123900222100001501461700001801476700002301494700002801517700001801545700002601563700001201589700002201601700002101623700002101644700001201665700002001677700002001697856003701717 2014 eng d00aSuppressing the loss of ultracold molecules via the continuous quantum Zeno effect
0 aSuppressing the loss of ultracold molecules via the continuous q c2014/2/200 v1123 a We investigate theoretically the suppression of two-body losses when the
on-site loss rate is larger than all other energy scales in a lattice. This
work quantitatively explains the recently observed suppression of chemical
reactions between two rotational states of fermionic KRb molecules confined in
one-dimensional tubes with a weak lattice along the tubes [Yan et al., Nature
501, 521-525 (2013)]. New loss rate measurements performed for different
lattice parameters but under controlled initial conditions allow us to show
that the loss suppression is a consequence of the combined effects of lattice
confinement and the continuous quantum Zeno effect. A key finding, relevant for
generic strongly reactive systems, is that while a single-band theory can
qualitatively describe the data, a quantitative analysis must include multiband
effects. Accounting for these effects reduces the inferred molecule filling
fraction by a factor of five. A rate equation can describe much of the data,
but to properly reproduce the loss dynamics with a fixed filling fraction for
all lattice parameters we develop a mean-field model and benchmark it with
numerically exact time-dependent density matrix renormalization group
calculations.
1 aZhu, Bihui1 aGadway, Bryce1 aFoss-Feig, Michael1 aSchachenmayer, Johannes1 aWall, Michael1 aHazzard, Kaden, R. A.1 aYan, Bo1 aMoses, Steven, A.1 aCovey, Jacob, P.1 aJin, Deborah, S.1 aYe, Jun1 aHolland, Murray1 aRey, Ana, Maria uhttp://arxiv.org/abs/1310.2221v200594nas a2200205 4500008004100000245006400041210006100105300000800166490000800174100001700182700001400199700001900213700001300232700001300245700001900258700002500277700001400302700001200316856006000328 2013 eng d00aA quantum many-body spin system in an optical lattice clock0 aquantum manybody spin system in an optical lattice clock a6320 v3411 aMartin, M, J1 aBishof, M1 aSwallows, M, D1 aZhang, X1 aBenko, C1 avon-Stecher, J1 aGorshkov, Alexey, V.1 aRey, A, M1 aYe, Jun uhttp://www.sciencemag.org/content/341/6146/632.abstract01351nas a2200181 4500008004100000245006100041210006100102260001400163490000800177520081800185100002001003700002501023700002301048700002601071700001201097700002301109856003701132 2013 eng d00aRealizing Fractional Chern Insulators with Dipolar Spins0 aRealizing Fractional Chern Insulators with Dipolar Spins c2013/4/290 v1103 a Strongly correlated quantum systems can exhibit exotic behavior controlled by
topology. We predict that the \nu=1/2 fractional Chern insulator arises
naturally in a two-dimensional array of driven, dipolar-interacting spins. As a
specific implementation, we analyze how to prepare and detect synthetic gauge
potentials for the rotational excitations of ultra-cold polar molecules trapped
in a deep optical lattice. While the orbital motion of the molecules is pinned,
at finite densities, the rotational excitations form a fractional Chern
insulator. We present a detailed experimental blueprint for KRb, and
demonstrate that the energetics are consistent with near-term capabilities.
Prospects for the realization of such phases in solid-state dipolar systems are
discussed as are their possible applications.
1 aYao, Norman, Y.1 aGorshkov, Alexey, V.1 aLaumann, Chris, R.1 aLĂ¤uchli, Andreas, M.1 aYe, Jun1 aLukin, Mikhail, D. uhttp://arxiv.org/abs/1212.4839v101519nas a2200217 4500008004100000245008300041210006900124260001400193490000800207520087700215100002001092700002101112700002201133700001201155700002101167700002301188700002001211700002101231700001201252856003701264 2012 eng d00aLong-lived dipolar molecules and Feshbach molecules in a 3D optical lattice
0 aLonglived dipolar molecules and Feshbach molecules in a 3D optic c2012/2/230 v1083 a We have realized long-lived ground-state polar molecules in a 3D optical
lattice, with a lifetime of up to 25 s, which is limited only by off-resonant
scattering of the trapping light. Starting from a 2D optical lattice, we
observe that the lifetime increases dramatically as a small lattice potential
is added along the tube-shaped lattice traps. The 3D optical lattice also
dramatically increases the lifetime for weakly bound Feshbach molecules. For a
pure gas of Feshbach molecules, we observe a lifetime of >20 s in a 3D optical
lattice; this represents a 100-fold improvement over previous results. This
lifetime is also limited by off-resonant scattering, the rate of which is
related to the size of the Feshbach molecule. Individually trapped Feshbach
molecules in the 3D lattice can be converted to pairs of K and Rb atoms and
back with nearly 100% efficiency.
1 aChotia, Amodsen1 aNeyenhuis, Brian1 aMoses, Steven, A.1 aYan, Bo1 aCovey, Jacob, P.1 aFoss-Feig, Michael1 aRey, Ana, Maria1 aJin, Deborah, S.1 aYe, Jun uhttp://arxiv.org/abs/1110.4420v101287nas a2200181 4500008004100000245007300041210006900114260001400183490000800197520074600205100002000951700001400971700002600985700002501011700001201036700002001048856003701068 2011 eng d00aResolved atomic interaction sidebands in an optical clock transition0 aResolved atomic interaction sidebands in an optical clock transi c2011/6/220 v1063 a We report the observation of resolved atomic interaction sidebands (ISB) in
the ${}^{87}$Sr optical clock transition when atoms at microkelvin temperatures
are confined in a two-dimensional (2D) optical lattice. The ISB are a
manifestation of the strong interactions that occur between atoms confined in a
quasi-one-dimensional geometry and disappear when the confinement is relaxed
along one dimension. The emergence of ISB is linked to the recently observed
suppression of collisional frequency shifts in [1]. At the current
temperatures, the ISB can be resolved but are broad. At lower temperatures, ISB
are predicted to be substantially narrower and usable as powerful spectroscopic
tools in strongly interacting alkaline-earth gases.
1 aBishof, Michael1 aLin, Yige1 aSwallows, Matthew, D.1 aGorshkov, Alexey, V.1 aYe, Jun1 aRey, Ana, Maria uhttp://arxiv.org/abs/1102.1016v201551nas a2200193 4500008004100000245008200041210006900123260001300192490000800205520096600213100002501179700002701204700001501231700001201246700001901258700002301277700002001300856003701320 2011 eng d00aTunable Superfluidity and Quantum Magnetism with Ultracold Polar Molecules
0 aTunable Superfluidity and Quantum Magnetism with Ultracold Polar c2011/9/80 v1073 a By selecting two dressed rotational states of ultracold polar molecules in an
optical lattice, we obtain a highly tunable generalization of the t-J model,
which we refer to as the t-J-V-W model. In addition to XXZ spin exchange, the
model features density-density interactions and novel density-spin
interactions; all interactions are dipolar. We show that full control of all
interaction parameters in both magnitude and sign can be achieved independently
of each other and of the tunneling. As a first step towards demonstrating the
potential of the system, we apply the density matrix renormalization group
method (DMRG) to obtain the 1D phase diagram of the simplest experimentally
realizable case. Specifically, we show that the tunability and the long-range
nature of the interactions in the t-J-V-W model enable enhanced superfluidity.
Finally, we show that Bloch oscillations in a tilted lattice can be used to
probe the phase diagram experimentally.
1 aGorshkov, Alexey, V.1 aManmana, Salvatore, R.1 aChen, Gang1 aYe, Jun1 aDemler, Eugene1 aLukin, Mikhail, D.1 aRey, Ana, Maria uhttp://arxiv.org/abs/1106.1644v101223nas a2200193 4500008004100000245006200041210005900103260001400162490000800176520066700184100002500851700002000876700002200896700002100918700001200939700001800951700002300969856003700992 2009 eng d00aAlkaline-Earth-Metal Atoms as Few-Qubit Quantum Registers0 aAlkalineEarthMetal Atoms as FewQubit Quantum Registers c2009/3/180 v1023 a We propose and analyze a novel approach to quantum information processing, in
which multiple qubits can be encoded and manipulated using electronic and
nuclear degrees of freedom associated with individual alkaline-earth atoms
trapped in an optical lattice. Specifically, we describe how the qubits within
each register can be individually manipulated and measured with sub-wavelength
optical resolution. We also show how such few-qubit registers can be coupled to
each other in optical superlattices via conditional tunneling to form a
scalable quantum network. Finally, potential applications to quantum
computation and precision measurements are discussed.
1 aGorshkov, Alexey, V.1 aRey, Ana, Maria1 aDaley, Andrew, J.1 aBoyd, Martin, M.1 aYe, Jun1 aZoller, Peter1 aLukin, Mikhail, D. uhttp://arxiv.org/abs/0812.3660v2