Quantum computers and simulators may offer significant advantages over their classical counterparts, providing insights into quantum many-body systems and possibly solving exponentially hard problems, such as optimization and satisfiability. Here we report the first implementation of a shallow-depth Quantum Approximate Optimization Algorithm (QAOA) using an analog quantum simulator to estimate the ground state energy of the transverse field Ising model with tunable long-range interactions. First, we exhaustively search the variational control parameters to approximate the ground state energy with up to 40 trapped-ion qubits. We then interface the quantum simulator with a classical algorithm to more efficiently find the optimal set of parameters that minimizes the resulting energy of the system. We finally sample from the full probability distribution of the QAOA output with single-shot and efficient measurements of every qubit.

1 aPagano, G.1 aBapat, A.1 aBecker, P.1 aCollins, K., S.1 aDe, A.1 aHess, P., W.1 aKaplan, H., B.1 aKyprianidis, A.1 aTan, W., L.1 aBaldwin, C.1 aBrady, L., T.1 aDeshpande, A.1 aLiu, F.1 aJordan, S.1 aGorshkov, A., V.1 aMonroe, C. uhttps://arxiv.org/abs/1906.0270001463nas a2200229 4500008004100000245006800041210006700109520082000176100001500996700001701011700001901028700001601047700001701063700001501080700002001095700001401115700001901129700002201148700001101170700001501181856003701196 2018 eng d00aCryogenic Trapped-Ion System for Large Scale Quantum Simulation0 aCryogenic TrappedIon System for Large Scale Quantum Simulation3 aWe present a cryogenic ion trapping system designed for large scale quantum simulation of spin models. Our apparatus is based on a segmented-blade ion trap enclosed in a 4 K cryostat, which enables us to routinely trap over 100 171Yb+ ions in a linear configuration for hours due to a low background gas pressure from differential cryo-pumping. We characterize the cryogenic vacuum by using trapped ion crystals as a pressure gauge, measuring both inelastic and elastic collision rates with the molecular background gas. We demonstrate nearly equidistant ion spacing for chains of up to 44 ions using anharmonic axial potentials. This reliable production and lifetime enhancement of large linear ion chains will enable quantum simulation of spin models that are intractable with classical computer modelling.

1 aPagano, G.1 aHess, P., W.1 aKaplan, H., B.1 aTan, W., L.1 aRicherme, P.1 aBecker, P.1 aKyprianidis, A.1 aZhang, J.1 aBirckelbaw, E.1 aHernandez, M., R.1 aWu, Y.1 aMonroe, C. uhttps://arxiv.org/abs/1802.03118