We study the quasiparticle excitation and quench dynamics of the one-dimensional transverse-field Ising model with power-law (1/rα) interactions. We find that long-range interactions give rise to a confining potential, which couples pairs of domain walls (kinks) into bound quasiparticles, analogous to mesonic bound states in high-energy physics. We show that these bound states have dramatic consequences for the non-equilibrium dynamics following a global quantum quench, such as suppressed spreading of quantum information and oscillations of order parameters. The masses of these bound states can be read out from the Fourier spectrum of these oscillating order parameters. We then use a two-kink model to qualitatively explain the phenomenon of long-range-interaction-induced confinement. The masses of the bound states predicted by this model are in good quantitative agreement with exact diagonalization results. Moreover, we illustrate that these bound states lead to weak thermalization of local observables for initial states with energy near the bottom of the many-body energy spectrum. Our work is readily applicable to current trapped-ion experiments.

1 aLiu, Fangli1 aLundgren, Rex1 aTitum, Paraj1 aPagano, Guido1 aZhang, Jiehang1 aMonroe, Christopher1 aGorshkov, Alexey, V. uhttps://arxiv.org/abs/1810.0236501177nas a2200181 4500008004100000245009600041210006900137260001500206520059500221100001600816700002200832700001600854700001800870700002400888700002100912700002500933856003700958 2019 eng d00aHeisenberg-Scaling Measurement Protocol for Analytic Functions with Quantum Sensor Networks0 aHeisenbergScaling Measurement Protocol for Analytic Functions wi c01/25/20193 aWe generalize past work on quantum sensor networks to show that, for d input parameters, entanglement can yield a factor O(d) improvement in mean squared error when estimating an analytic function of these parameters. We show that the protocol is optimal for qubit sensors, and conjecture an optimal protocol for photons passing through interferometers. Our protocol is also applicable to continuous variable measurements, such as one quadrature of a field operator. We outline a few potential applications, including calibration of laser operations in trapped ion quantum computing.

1 aQian, Kevin1 aEldredge, Zachary1 aGe, Wenchao1 aPagano, Guido1 aMonroe, Christopher1 aPorto, James, V.1 aGorshkov, Alexey, V. uhttps://arxiv.org/abs/1901.09042