Quantum computing leverages the quantum resources of superposition and entanglement to efficiently solve computational problems considered intractable for classical computers. Examples include calculating molecular and nuclear structure, simulating strongly-interacting electron systems, and modeling aspects of material function. While substantial theoretical advances have been made in mapping these problems to quantum algorithms, there remains a large gap between the resource requirements for solving such problems and the capabilities of currently available quantum hardware. Bridging this gap will require a co-design approach, where the expression of algorithms is developed in conjunction with the hardware itself to optimize execution. Here, we describe a scalable co-design framework for solving chemistry problems on a trapped ion quantum computer, and apply it to compute the ground-state energy of the water molecule. The robust operation of the trapped ion quantum computer yields energy estimates with errors approaching the chemical accuracy, which is the target threshold necessary for predicting the rates of chemical reaction dynamics.

1 aNam, Yunseong1 aChen, Jwo-Sy1 aPisenti, Neal, C.1 aWright, Kenneth1 aDelaney, Conor1 aMaslov, Dmitri1 aBrown, Kenneth, R.1 aAllen, Stewart1 aAmini, Jason, M.1 aApisdorf, Joel1 aBeck, Kristin, M.1 aBlinov, Aleksey1 aChaplin, Vandiver1 aChmielewski, Mika1 aCollins, Coleman1 aDebnath, Shantanu1 aDucore, Andrew, M.1 aHudek, Kai, M.1 aKeesan, Matthew1 aKreikemeier, Sarah, M.1 aMizrahi, Jonathan1 aSolomon, Phil1 aWilliams, Mike1 aWong-Campos, Jaime, David1 aMonroe, Christopher1 aKim, Jungsang uhttps://arxiv.org/abs/1902.1017101417nas a2200253 4500008004100000245008300041210006900124260001500193300001100208490000700219520068500226100002200911700001600933700002300949700001900972700002300991700001901014700001801033700001701051700001801068700001601086700002401102856003701126 2012 eng d00aQuantum Simulation of Spin Models on an Arbitrary Lattice with Trapped Ions 0 aQuantum Simulation of Spin Models on an Arbitrary Lattice with T c2012/09/27 a0950240 v143 a A collection of trapped atomic ions represents one of the most attractive platforms for the quantum simulation of interacting spin networks and quantum magnetism. Spin-dependent optical dipole forces applied to an ion crystal create long-range effective spin-spin interactions and allow the simulation of spin Hamiltonians that possess nontrivial phases and dynamics. Here we show how appropriate design of laser fields can provide for arbitrary multidimensional spin-spin interaction graphs even for the case of a linear spatial array of ions. This scheme uses currently existing trap technology and is scalable to levels where classical methods of simulation are intractable. 1 aKorenblit, Simcha1 aKafri, Dvir1 aCampbell, Wess, C.1 aIslam, Rajibul1 aEdwards, Emily, E.1 aGong, Zhe-Xuan1 aLin, Guin-Dar1 aDuan, Luming1 aKim, Jungsang1 aKim, Kihwan1 aMonroe, Christopher uhttp://arxiv.org/abs/1201.0776v1