01945nas a2200205 4500008004100000245007600041210006900117260001500186300001100201490000700212520133700219100001901556700001901575700001901594700002401613700002701637700001801664700001901682856003801701 2015 eng d00aSelf-heterodyne detection of the {\it in-situ} phase of an atomic-SQUID0 aSelfheterodyne detection of the it insitu phase of an atomicSQUI c2015/09/03 a0336020 v923 a We present theoretical and experimental analysis of an interferometric
measurement of the {\it in-situ} phase drop across and current flow through a
rotating barrier in a toroidal Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC). This experiment
is the atomic analog of the rf-superconducting quantum interference device
(SQUID). The phase drop is extracted from a spiral-shaped density profile
created by the spatial interference of the expanding toroidal BEC and a
reference BEC after release from all trapping potentials. We characterize the
interferometer when it contains a single particle, which is initially in a
coherent superposition of a torus and reference state, as well as when it
contains a many-body state in the mean-field approximation. The single-particle
picture is sufficient to explain the origin of the spirals, to relate the
phase-drop across the barrier to the geometry of a spiral, and to bound the
expansion times for which the {\it in-situ} phase can be accurately determined.
Mean-field estimates and numerical simulations show that the inter-atomic
interactions shorten the expansion time scales compared to the single-particle
case. Finally, we compare the mean-field simulations with our experimental data
and confirm that the interferometer indeed accurately measures the {\it
in-situ} phase drop.
1 aMathew, Ranchu1 aKumar, Avinash1 aEckel, Stephen1 aJendrzejewski, Fred1 aCampbell, Gretchen, K.1 aEdwards, Mark1 aTiesinga, Eite uhttp://arxiv.org/abs/1506.09149v201425nas a2200169 4500008004100000245006800041210006700109260001400176490000700190520091100197100002701108700001801135700001901153700002301172700002301195856003701218 2008 eng d00aTunneling phase gate for neutral atoms in a double-well lattice0 aTunneling phase gate for neutral atoms in a doublewell lattice c2008/5/120 v773 a We propose a new two--qubit phase gate for ultra--cold atoms confined in an
experimentally realized tilted double--well optical lattice [Sebby--Strabley et
al., Phys. Rev. A {\bf 73} 033605 (2006)]. Such a lattice is capable of
confining pairs of atoms in a two--dimensional array of double--well potentials
where control can be exercised over the barrier height and the energy
difference of the minima of the two wells (known as the ``tilt''). The four
lowest single--particle motional states consist of two pairs of motional states
in which each pair is localized on one side of the central barrier, allowing
for two atoms confined in such a lattice to be spatially separated qubits. We
present a time--dependent scheme to manipulate the tilt to induce tunneling
oscillations which produce a collisional phase gate. Numerical simulations
demonstrate that this gate can be performed with high fidelity.
1 aStrauch, Frederick, W.1 aEdwards, Mark1 aTiesinga, Eite1 aWilliams, Carl, J.1 aClark, Charles, W. uhttp://arxiv.org/abs/0712.1856v101370nas a2200193 4500008004100000245007200041210006900113260001500182300001400197490000700211520079400218100002001012700001901032700001701051700001801068700002301086700002301109856004401132 2003 eng d00aBogoliubov approach to superfluidity of atoms in an optical lattice0 aBogoliubov approach to superfluidity of atoms in an optical latt c2003/03/14 a825 - 8410 v363 a We use the Bogoliubov theory of atoms in an optical lattice to study the
approach to the Mott-insulator transition. We derive an explicit expression for
the superfluid density based on the rigidity of the system under phase
variations. This enables us to explore the connection between the quantum
depletion of the condensate and the quasi-momentum distribution on the one hand
and the superfluid fraction on the other. The approach to the insulator phase
may be characterized through the filling of the band by quantum depletion,
which should be directly observable via the matter wave interference patterns.
We complement these findings by self-consistent Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov-Popov
calculations for one-dimensional lattices including the effects of a parabolic
trapping potential.
1 aRey, Ana, Maria1 aBurnett, Keith1 aRoth, Robert1 aEdwards, Mark1 aWilliams, Carl, J.1 aClark, Charles, W. uhttp://arxiv.org/abs/cond-mat/0210550v2