We give a finite presentation by generators and relations of unitary operators expressible over the {CNOT, T, X} gate set, also known as CNOT-dihedral operators. To this end, we introduce a notion of normal form for CNOT-dihedral circuits and prove that every CNOT-dihedral operator admits a unique normal form. Moreover, we show that in the presence of certain structural rules only finitely many circuit identities are required to reduce an arbitrary CNOT-dihedral circuit to its normal form. By appropriately restricting our relations, we obtain a finite presentation of unitary operators expressible over the {CNOT, T } gate set as a corollary.

1 aAmy, Matthew1 aChen, Jianxin1 aRoss, Neil, J. uhttps://arxiv.org/abs/1701.00140