01570nas a2200133 4500008004100000245010700041210006900148260001500217520110300232100002701335700001901362700001901381856003601400 2015 eng d00aContinuous symmetry breaking and a new universality class in 1D long-range interacting quantum systems0 aContinuous symmetry breaking and a new universality class in 1D c2015/10/053 aContinuous symmetry breaking (CSB) in low-dimensional systems, forbidden by the Mermin-Wagner theorem for short-range interactions, may take place in the presence of slowly decaying long-range interactions. Nevertheless, there is no stringent bound on how slowly interactions should decay to give rise to CSB in 1D quantum systems at zero temperature. Here, we study a long-range interacting spin chain with U(1) symmetry and power-law interactions V(r)∼1/rα, directly relevant to ion-trap experiments. Using bosonization and renormalization group theory, we find CSB for α smaller than a critical exponent αc(≤3) depending on the microscopic parameters of the model. Furthermore, the transition from the gapless XY phase to the gapless CSB phase is mediated by the breaking of conformal symmetry due to long-range interactions, and is described by a new universality class akin to the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless transition. Our analytical findings are in good agreement with a numerical calculation. Signatures of the CSB phase should be accessible in existing trapped-ion experiments.1 aMaghrebi, Mohammad, F.1 aGong, Zhe-Xuan1 aGorshkov, A, V uhttp://arxiv.org/abs/1510.01325