01808nas a2200205 4500008004100000245007600041210006900117260001500186300001100201490000700212520120100219100001901420700002701439700001301466700002301479700002101502700002401523700001901547856003601566 2016 eng d00aKaleidoscope of quantum phases in a long-range interacting spin-1 chain0 aKaleidoscope of quantum phases in a longrange interacting spin1 c2016/05/11 a2051150 v933 aMotivated by recent trapped-ion quantum simulation experiments, we carry out a comprehensive study of the phase diagram of a spin-1 chain with XXZ-type interactions that decay as 1/rα, using a combination of finite and infinite-size DMRG calculations, spin-wave analysis, and field theory. In the absence of long-range interactions, varying the spin-coupling anisotropy leads to four distinct phases: a ferromagnetic Ising phase, a disordered XY phase, a topological Haldane phase, and an antiferromagnetic Ising phase. If long-range interactions are antiferromagnetic and thus frustrated, we find primarily a quantitative change of the phase boundaries. On the other hand, ferromagnetic (non-frustrated) long-range interactions qualitatively impact the entire phase diagram. Importantly, for α≲3, long-range interactions destroy the Haldane phase, break the conformal symmetry of the XY phase, give rise to a new phase that spontaneously breaks a U(1) continuous symmetry, and introduce an exotic tricritical point with no direct parallel in short-range interacting spin chains. We show that the main signatures of all five phases found could be observed experimentally in the near future.
1 aGong, Zhe-Xuan1 aMaghrebi, Mohammad, F.1 aHu, Anzi1 aFoss-Feig, Michael1 aRicherme, Philip1 aMonroe, Christopher1 aGorshkov, A, V uhttp://arxiv.org/abs/1510.02108