01556nas a2200217 4500008004100000245006300041210006300104260001500167300001100182490000800193520094300201100002401144700001601168700001801184700001901202700001801221700002501239700002001264700001801284856003601302 2016 eng d00aAnomalous broadening in driven dissipative Rydberg systems0 aAnomalous broadening in driven dissipative Rydberg systems c2016/03/16 a1130010 v1163 aWe observe interaction-induced broadening of the two-photon 5s-18s transition in 87Rb atoms trapped in a 3D optical lattice. The measured linewidth increases by nearly two orders of magnitude with increasing atomic density and excitation strength, with corresponding suppression of resonant scattering and enhancement of off-resonant scattering. We attribute the increased linewidth to resonant dipole-dipole interactions of 18s atoms with spontaneously created populations of nearby np states. Over a range of initial atomic densities and excitation strengths, the transition width is described by a single function of the steady-state density of Rydberg atoms, and the observed resonant excitation rate corresponds to that of a two-level system with the measured, rather than natural, linewidth. The broadening mechanism observed here is likely to have negative implications for many proposals with coherently interacting Rydberg atoms.1 aGoldschmidt, E., A.1 aBoulier, T.1 aBrown, R., C.1 aKoller, S., B.1 aYoung, J., T.1 aGorshkov, Alexey, V.1 aRolston, S., L.1 aPorto, J., V. uhttp://arxiv.org/abs/1510.08710