00978nas a2200109 4500008004100000245003900041210003500080260001500115520067700130100001700807856004400824 2000 eng d00aThe quantum bit commitment theorem0 aquantum bit commitment theorem c2000/07/253 a Unconditionally secure two-party bit commitment based solely on the
principles of quantum mechanics (without exploiting special relativistic
signalling constraints, or principles of general relativity or thermodynamics)
has been shown to be impossible, but the claim is repeatedly challenged. The
quantum bit commitment theorem is reviewed here and the central conceptual
point, that an `Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen' attack or cheating strategy can always
be applied, is clarified. The question of whether following such a cheating
strategy can ever be disadvantageous to the cheater is considered and answered
in the negative. There is, indeed, no loophole in the theorem.
1 aBub, Jeffrey uhttp://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0007090v4