Quantum computing leverages the quantum resources of superposition and entanglement to efficiently solve computational problems considered intractable for classical computers. Examples include calculating molecular and nuclear structure, simulating strongly-interacting electron systems, and modeling aspects of material function. While substantial theoretical advances have been made in mapping these problems to quantum algorithms, there remains a large gap between the resource requirements for solving such problems and the capabilities of currently available quantum hardware. Bridging this gap will require a co-design approach, where the expression of algorithms is developed in conjunction with the hardware itself to optimize execution. Here, we describe a scalable co-design framework for solving chemistry problems on a trapped ion quantum computer, and apply it to compute the ground-state energy of the water molecule. The robust operation of the trapped ion quantum computer yields energy estimates with errors approaching the chemical accuracy, which is the target threshold necessary for predicting the rates of chemical reaction dynamics.

}, url = {https://arxiv.org/abs/1902.10171}, author = {Yunseong Nam and Jwo-Sy Chen and Neal C. Pisenti and Kenneth Wright and Conor Delaney and Dmitri Maslov and Kenneth R. Brown and Stewart Allen and Jason M. Amini and Joel Apisdorf and Kristin M. Beck and Aleksey Blinov and Vandiver Chaplin and Mika Chmielewski and Coleman Collins and Shantanu Debnath and Andrew M. Ducore and Kai M. Hudek and Matthew Keesan and Sarah M. Kreikemeier and Jonathan Mizrahi and Phil Solomon and Mike Williams and Jaime David Wong-Campos and Christopher Monroe and Jungsang Kim} } @article {1505, title = {All-Optical Switch and Transistor Gated by One Stored Photon}, journal = {Science}, volume = {341}, year = {2013}, month = {2013/07/04}, pages = {768 - 770}, abstract = { The realization of an all-optical transistor where one {\textquoteright}gate{\textquoteright} photon controls a {\textquoteright}source{\textquoteright} light beam, is a long-standing goal in optics. By stopping a light pulse in an atomic ensemble contained inside an optical resonator, we realize a device in which one stored gate photon controls the resonator transmission of subsequently applied source photons. A weak gate pulse induces bimodal transmission distribution, corresponding to zero and one gate photons. One stored gate photon produces fivefold source attenuation, and can be retrieved from the atomic ensemble after switching more than one source photon. Without retrieval, one stored gate photon can switch several hundred source photons. With improved storage and retrieval efficiency, our work may enable various new applications, including photonic quantum gates, and deterministic multiphoton entanglement. }, doi = {10.1126/science.1238169}, url = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1401.3194v1}, author = {Wenlan Chen and Kristin M. Beck and Robert B{\"u}cker and Michael Gullans and Mikhail D. Lukin and Haruka Tanji-Suzuki and Vladan Vuletic} }